In short, HR department ensures smooth flow of communication between management and employees. To create and utilize an able and motivated workforce to accomplish the basic organizational goals. Attracting and retaining resourceful human resources through HR planning, recruitment, selection, placement, orientation, compensation and promotion policies. The HR department ensures that there is optimum utilization of human resource. HRM attracts the best quality people to join the organization and retains the achievers, performers by offering excellent pay packages, perquisites, challenging jobs, higher responsibilities, effective career planning and development. The team that makes the right decision at the appropriate times will able to make the best decisions that can be of help. Scarce talents are put to best use. Keywords: social legitimacy, HRM profession, business strategy, productive alliances, gender composition, employment relations Thomas A. Kochan Thomas A. Kochan is the George M. Bunker Professor of Work and Employment Relations at MIT’s Sloan School of Management, Co-Director of the MIT Institute for Work and Employment Research, and Chair of the MIT Faculty. It ensures effective communication to employees regarding the organisation’s policies, procedures and guidelines. E-mail Citation » In case adequate attention is paid to the betterment and development of personnel, many of the problems of the management would be solved automatically. The area of favouritism will come under race relation act 1976, it is unlawful to treat individual less favourably than another on racial ground and also it also covers colour, nationality and ethnic or national origins. recruitment, selection and placement of personnel. Social Significance of HRM lies in the need satisfaction of the personnel in the organisation. Employee Selection. (iii) Human resource management can help an organization in achieving its goals more efficiently and effectively. Human Resource Management (HRM) is the function within an organisation that focuses on the recruitment of, management and providing direction for the people who work in the organisation.Managing human resources is an important part of an organisation to understand the process for recruiting and designing strategies for building an effective team. He/she manifests himself/herself through his/her individual actions as well as group interactions. (iii) Eliminating waste of human resources by providing counseling on motivation etc. HRM provides the quality management by way of making an organization as a learning organization where people can learn and experiment innovative ideas, working as change agent to introduce quality oriented company milieu, involving people to promote team work for quality production and services and introducing a culture of partnership, cooperation and participation in the organizational activities. Staffs need to communicate effectively and socialise with one another in the workplace. (1998), states that group meetings benefit employees as they would have better understanding of organisation and have greater influence on the decisions.A form of job enrichment and enlargement would improve morale and errors can be prevented. Knowledge, Skills and Abilities. Edwin B. Flippo (1984) has defined human resource management in terms of personnel management. WritePass - Essay Writing - Dissertation Topics [TOC]. Today, however, they have access to an abundance of data on everything from labor markets to work processes, and are regularly called upon to put this knowledge to work. There is scope for unlimited development of knowledge and human resource capabilities in an organization. Enforced Values. Kolb, D, A., 1984. Human resource management provides favourable environment for employees so that people working in organization can work creatively, 5. Effective and efficient implementation of human resource facilitates enhancing the quality of HR work life. (iii) Proper HRM with HRD results in better standard of living. Ensuring maximum opportunities for personal development of each and every employee. Competitiveness 10. Therefore, creating and maintaining a motivated work force is the central responsibility of management everywhere. Human resources management (HRM) is a management function concerned with hiring, motivating and maintaining people in an organization. It promotes team work and team spirit among employees. (i) Maintaining a balance between the jobs available and the jobseekers, according to the qualifications and needs; (ii) Providing suitable and most productive employment, which might bring them psychological satisfaction; (iii) Making maximum utilization of the resource in an effective manner and paying the employee a reasonable compensation in proportion to the contribution made by him; (iv) Eliminating waste or improper use of human resource, through conservation of their normal energy and health; and. 4. placed by the departments, and thus helps the departments in smooth running of the operational activities in order to produce the quality goods at reasonable cost as targeted. (e) Rapidly changing technology creating skill gap among employees. 10. (vi) Revolution in information and technology. The holistic social work understanding of the person in their psychosocial context further enhances social work leaders' and managers' abilities to support employees and volunteers, enhance staff morale and deal with complex behavioural and emotional issues. Welcome to leaders (online) (Assessed, 14/03/2014). It is because of this that the HR department has assumed the place of a necessity rather than of comfort in an organisation. It substantially contributes to professional growth in the following ways: i. (v) By helping people make their own decisions, that are in their interests. The second approach elaborates this further by stating that HRM is distinct to previous forms of personnel administration in … The HR professional helps establish the organizational culture and climate in which people have the competency, concern, and commitment to serve customers well. Perspective, Principles and Practice. Formanaging work relationship, it is important to have a good relationship with your boss and also colleagues. iv. It is important as a group to lookout for things that could stop the members not to achieve their goals, for example, lack of clear goals can effect the team performance in the case where staff members fail to pass an important message to one another, this could cause problem in the case if an individual medication was changed during the shift and the staff was told to pass it on to the next person in charge, the ignorance to pass an important  message can put an individual health at risk.The interpersonal conflict and distrust can cause lack of trust, oppressiveness and communication and it can also slowdown day-to-day activities. Getting and keeping good people is critical for the achievement of enterprise objectives effectively and efficiently. (iv) Utilizing efficiently and effectively the available human resource. Cordial Human Relations and 15. According to statistics released by SilkRoad, 53% of HR professionals believe that employee engagement increases when the onboarding process is better. In other words, human resource management is concerned with the employees engaged at all levels of an organisation. Prohibited Content 3. This helps in utilizing nations natural, physical and financial resources effectively. One of the disadvantages of these systems is their cost set up cost is very high. HRM provides / supplies people as per indents (i.e., type, grade, skill, specialization of people, time of supply etc.) Click here to ask a question about this article. Human resource are the most precious assets of the organisation. In considering the factors when planning a recruitment of individual who works in the health care setting,the HR Director has to increase staff retention in order to reduce future training, and whether the organisations need an improvement in the future and also identify if staff needs training in health and social care setting (Reward,2014).The director has to focus on recruitment cost such as external and internal recruitment, time, experiences, numbers of employees, location, organisational structure, flexibility, quality and quantity of the job, the legislation, policies of the home, retention, roles and responsibilities. Tsui, Ming-sum. Reduced Discontent 11. (iii) By attracting as well as retaining requisite talent through the following effective HR planning, recruitment, selection, placement, orientation, compensation, and promotion policies. iii. My own development at my workplace has been influenced by management by actively participating in areas that will boost my confidence and skills at work: Effective communication is management-arranged training for all the staff based on improving communication skills among staff and clients under our care. The importance of Human Resources Management can be studied under four levels namely: The HRM can contribute the following importance to an enterprise: (a) Human Resource Management helps in attractions and retaining the talented people in the organization through effective planning, recruitment, selection, placement, orientation, compensation and promotion policies. Employee capabilities must continuously be acquired, sharpened and used. The department also provide opportunities to pursue further studies. They feel that the career development exercise mostly based on performance ratings and potential ratings makes wise judgement over the issues for promotion / advancement to higher posts. An example is two of the following scholars; 1. Countries are underdeveloped because their people are backward. This feature covers all jobs and all employees. Some of the modern writers on management have considered both the management and HR admin­istration as one and the same thing. v. Achieve Results Effectively and Efficiently: Good HR practices help companies acquire, develop, stimulate and keep outstanding employees. 5. Human resource management ensures that every employee makes his maximum contribution to the achievement of business goals. It can result in increased productivity for the organisation and realisation of the individual as well as organisational goals effectively by ensuring fully trained and de­veloped workforce. The focus is directed instead to utilizing it to the maximum. The effectiveness with which human resource are coordinated and utilised determines the success in achieving organisational objectives. Employees express satisfaction over performance appraisal system. Effective communication is seen  when team progress can be established through well decision making. Appraising the human assets periodically to figure out their strength and weakness. recruitment, selection and placement of personnel. However, the job of a modern HR manager has become all the more difficult because of ever-growing level of education of community members, rise of strong trade unions, rapid advancement in technology, increasing size and complexity of the organisations, consciousness among workers, tendency towards increasing obligations towards society and interference of the government in labour-management affairs. 6. (vi) Preparing the people to adapt to technological & other changes in the organisation. The new modern HR professional will be well-versed in many topics, flexible and open to new learnings and ways of doing … Hence, an all-round development of human factor is highly desirable, which is one of the main objectives of HRM. Human Resources Management 5th Edition. Importance of Human Resource Management – Importance and Objectives of Human Resource Management. 4. Welcome manager  (online) Available http:/ [Access,29/5/2014], Tags: Health Essay Examples, Managing Human Resources, social care, Category: Essay & Dissertation Samples, Human Resources. 11. This covers areas such as recruitment and selection, training and developing and managing conflict at work. (iv) It develops right attitude toward the job and organization. Human Resources (HR) is a field that has developed to promote strong teamwork between individuals, and maximize these strengths to add value and efficacy to an organization. The HR department is responsible for evaluating the potential of employees and providing them with opportunities to advance in their career. (iii) Securing willing co-operation of the employees for achieving goals of the enterprise and fulfilling their own social and other psychological needs of recognition, love, affection, belongingness, esteem and self-actualisation. HR professionals were once largely concerned with complying with various regulations—a position sure to put them on the periphery of most organizations. HRM creates congenial and conducive atmosphere where people can develop mutual understanding, mutual trust, and confidence, which are prerequisites for work in a team/group. (iv) Growth of trade unions at work places. Job Analysis includes collecting information necessary for the development of an organisation. HRM consists of people-related … (i) Maintaining the dignity of the employee as a ‘human-being’; (ii) Providing maximum opportunities for personal development; (iii) Providing healthy relationship between different work groups so that work is effectively performed; (iv) Improving the employees’ working skill and capacity; (v) Correcting the errors of wrong postings and proper reallocation work. [Note that percentages reflect Canadian responses] (SHRM, 2007, p. 27). (ii) By giving employment it provides social & psychological satisfaction to people. Functions of Human Resource Management. It becomes necessary to manage activities relating to production, marketing, human resource, finance, research, etc. In such an invigorating atmosphere, people can put their creative energies to best use. 10. On the other hand, if all the dimensions of human factor are taken care of, the workforce will be more effective in the working situation. HRM contributes to individual growth in the following manners: (i) For personal development it provides maximum opportunities to each employee. With appropriate HR policies and practices, an organization can hire, develop and utilize best brains, realize its professional goals and deliver results better than others. Social Level 2. So, it helps to achieve individual, organizational and social goals. Management of human resource has become more significant due to the following reasons: (i) Increase in the size and complexity of the organisation. Also,aptitude testing can be done by assessing skills of the applicant such as numeracy skill and cognitive skills and other skills that job demands. Coordination and Integration 6. Social security measures and welfare facilities for the employees. The Importance of Ethics in Human Resources People, money and reputation are three critical factors in business life. Importance of Management. Providing suitable employment to persons. (Armstrong, 2009). A Contemporary Approach. (b) It maintains a good balance between the jobs and job seekers. Account Disable 12. Various types of incentive pay plans are also introduced by human resource managers to at­tract and retain effective employees in their organisation. Further, to carry-out business in different countries the need for HRM has been felt strongly. An effective HRM program tries to reduce employee’s discontent with organisation by handling their for­mal as well as informal complaints effectively. b. We demonstrate professional commitment by taking responsibility for our conduct, practice, self-care and development. Experiential Learning. Human resource management is designing management systems to ensure that human talent is used effectively and efficiently to accomplish organizational goals. iv. Human resource management tries to promote employee discipline and moral through performance based incentives, 6. This provides social and psychological satisfaction to them. It provides an overview of administrative roles and functions, major organizational theories related to this practice field, and the evolution of social work management education. The top management along with the team of employees should participative take the initiative for HRM, formulate necessary plans and strategies and create an empowering climate in the organization and support for its implementation. HRM helps the organization to fulfil the needs of the society by way of initiating measures for upliftment and wellbeing of the employees. Communication is defined as the passing along of information and understanding from one person to another person or group, and this requires good listening which can sometimes be difficult as people intend to do the talking and to be a good listener, there is a need to look at the person face and body language. It includes how to minimise errors and undertake quarterly medication audit to make sure staff is working according to NMC and company guidelines. c. It allows people to work with diligence and commitment. Parity in Compensation 9. This has led to an increase in human resource management (HRM) jobs both in the UK and abroad. This comprehensive entry is a great introduction to social work management. The introduced policies and practices will be explained with respect to the organisation related to employment that will aim to maintain the well being of the employee and good relationship between the staff and the management. It focuses on people in organizations. These dimensions establish a set of core competencies that distinguishes an organization from its competitors. Choose one case study and evaluate it from the perspective of the Behaviourist Approach. (ii) Providing most productive employment from which socio-psychological satisfaction can be derived. b. (i) It improves employment opportunities. Maintaining a fine balance between the jobs available and the job seekers in terms of numbers, qualifications, needs and aptitude. The HR manager never forgets that while a worker is a technical machine in his/ her physical, manipulative, muscular and effort-exerting operations, he/she is also emotional and cre­ative. Gary Dessler and Biju Varkkey have, therefore, rightly remarked that HR activities such as hiring, training, appraising and developing employees are part of every manager’s job. Every professional must make deliberate efforts to acquire expertise in the principles and techniques. They seek out those with higher qualifications with experience in the profession. Leadership is a process of influencing the activities of an organised group in its effort towards goal setting and goal achievement” (Stogdill, 1950). (c) This helps in getting a good co-operation among the employees through proper motivation, participation etc. In other words, the HR manager takes care of psychological dimensions of the personnel employed in the organisation and also tries to bring about an integration of individual and organisational objectives. Employment function, i.e. The skills and knowledge that social workers possess can be applied to nontraditional settings in novel ways to increase employee productivity and organizational effectiveness. Significance or importance of HRM can be explained by dividing in into the following categories: Human resource management can help an organisation in achieving its goals more efficiently and effectively in the following manners: (i) Attracting and retaining the required talent through human resource planning, recruitment, selection, placement orientation, compensation and promotional policies. (iii) Eliminating or minimising wasteful organisations and individual practices. 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