Simply defined, the Transition Zone is an overlap area for plants. Molly McRedmond . shape and green through the summer. If a pile of leaves is within spraying range of your lawn sprinkler, the pile could breed larvae and mosquitoes. In the transition zone, the most popular grass is turf-type tall fescue. There is no one type of grass that will do well in all To overseed your lawn, use roughly half the quantity of seeds that you would apply if you were cultivating a brand-new lawn. Improved varieties of Bermuda grass, such as cold tolerant Commercial Mosquitoes can also breed in water puddles in grassy areas. Even though zoysia is warm season grass and fescue is cool season grass, both last considerably longer into their offseasons and can be extended further when you know how to care for a grass lawn in transition zone areas. The following sections cover lawn care tips for transition zone areas, information on how to choose between grass types and a calendar care guide for transition zone lawns. stretches from the extreme eastern edge of New Mexico to the central East Coast The pH balance of transition zone lawn grass can also affect its ability to turn green. In order to get a greener year-round lawn in this region of the country, you need to know your grass type. SEASON | WARM SEASON | TROPICAL During the colder months, the grass turns brown. Each week, a zoysia lawn should receive one inch of rainfall or irrigation, as this will maintain the color. Quality Issues | During winter dormancy a cool season grass can be Exports | Also, the Kentucky bluegrasses generally perform better in western NC than they do on the piedmont. FOR NEW In order for a grass to work in one of the transition states, the grass must be able to endure a range of weather, and especially cold seasons. Bluegrass; Fescue; Ryegrass; Thermal Blue; Zoysiagrass. How to Care for a Lawn in the Transition Zone, Baker Lime for Transition Zone Lawn Grass, COVID-19 Status: We are open for normal operations. If you live at a higher altitude, the effects of weather on your lawn are bound to be different than for residents who live in valleys or near bodies of water. Lawns can be made even more robust by seeding soil with a mixture of warm and cool season grass types. 1. the cool season grasses decline due to the hot weather in Transition zones. When choosing grass to grow for transition zone lawn stretches, tall fescue is one of the most durable and resilient options. In areas where the climate is a mix of warm and cool patterns, it can be more difficult to maintain your grass. Areas can vary so much within grass which goes dormant (and brown in color) in the cool days It's water-activated, breaking down into finely pulverized limestone to begin to work right away! Email, GRAPHS | COOL If the opposite occurs and winter is when your grass looks its healthiest, you have a cold season lawn. Augustine does not handle high foot traffic well and is not recommended for areas with … Accounting Questions, HAVE This and its brown color when it is dormant have been limiting factors in its use. Any of the cool season spe… Some of the best lawn grasses that grow well are … cool-season grasses for fairways in the Transition Zone. Guarantees | Advertising | But Bermuda is perennial in most parts of the Transition Zone. best is usually what others, in your area, plant successfully. Seed Varieties. Which States Are Located in the Transition Zone? Warm-season and cool-season grasses may be grown in transitional growing zones, but the types of lawn grass that are suitable in your area may depend on elevation, sun/shade exposure, temperature highs and lows and average yearly rainfall. Raise the blades on your lawnmower by one or two inches for best results. Tall fescue is also different in that it grows in shoots from the base, as opposed to straight in single strands. Inspect your lawn regularly to ensure that no puddles form. For optimal weed resistance, mow the grass lightly during spring, as the taller grass is more capable of defeating the spread of weeds. The fertilizer will work its magic during winter and bear fruit once the cold weather subsides. The Best of all Limestone: Its pellet size provides easy spreading with little dust. Landscaping Outdoor Projects Best Grass Types for DC-Area Lawns July 29th, 2019 by . For turf managers who maintain golf courses in Transition Zones worldwide, such areas The transition zone is the lower areas of Virginia and North Carolina west through Kentucky, Tennessee, and Arkansas to include southern Ohio, Indiana, Missouri, and Kansas. If your lawn consists of cold-season grass, try a weed killer appropriate for such lawns. Bahia grass is a tough, warm-season turfgrass especially suited to the heat and humidity of the South. Removing Zoysia; Reducing Lawn Size; Groundcovers: the other … Buffalograss is a good choice for unirrigated lawns in western semiarid regions. The health of your lawn can also depend on irrigation, altitude, foot traffic, and the ratio of sun versus shade that the grass receives during a given week. The grass can be chosen in bright green and darker varieties. If you wish to confine overseeding to select areas, loosen the soil with a fork along those spots and then sprinkle with seeds. In the springtime, one of your main concerns should be weed control. Privacy & Security | The main growing period for cool-season grass is in spring and fall when soil temperature is 50 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit, and the air temperature is 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. While the improved Bermuda Grass varieties will survive as perennials and go dormant to more of a brown color. The states of Maryland, Delaware, North Carolina, and Virginia are swallowed up in the transition zone, as is most of West Virginia and southern Pennsylvania. This should be considered when you are choosing the grass-type that will work best for your lawn. In the middle transition zone found in lower Illinois and central / Southern Missouri, different weeds invade the fields during each season. Common Grasses Used for Transition Zone Lawns. The state of North Carolina is commonly called a “transition zone” in terms of what grasses will best flourish here. Tall fescue has become one of the most popular lawn species throughout the central and northern parts of the zone. Choosing the right seed is important, Bonide offers several types of seeds specific to your needs. Phone Business hours - Mon-Fri. 9-5 EST ONLY - Contact via As such, tall fescues fare well in states like Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland and North Carolina, where the weather during a typical year will range from hot and dry to cold and rainy. If you live in the Northern area of the Transition Zone or still wish to maintain a cool season grass in your area -- perhaps that is what is working for your neighbors -- then | GRASS ALTERNATIVES. Zone 7 for the eastern United States falls into what is known as a transition zone. During the warm months when Zoysia grows, it assumes a medium-green color. It’s native to the Gulf Coast regions, West Indies and Western Africa.St. Grass Options for Athletic Fields Cooperative Extension Service in the Transition Zone Gregg Munshaw, Plant and Soil Sciences AGR-237 “We can grow all grasses equally poorly in the transition zone.” T his quote from Dr. A.J. is generally the cool season grass of choice. Therefore, you need to keep your leaves raked and out of the way of your grass. The best grasses for these zones are Pensacola and Argentine Bahia grasses, Bermuda grass, carpet grass (Zone 9 only), centipede grass, St. Augustine grass and zoysia grass. Safety Precautions, Find and contact your local Baker Lime dealer to get a quote. Grass For decades, residents of transition zone states have had to contend with a seasonal dilemma regarding lawns. Zoysia is resilient under intense sunlight, dry conditions and standing bodies. Due to these traits, zoysia is one of the most popular transition zone grasses along the Mid-Atlantic region. The transition zone of the USA has historically been a somewhat difficult area for residents to choose a grass type that meets their expectations. Come high summer, cool-season grasses go dormant unless regularly irrigated. Zoysia also has sufficient tolerance toward colder weather, which makes the grass one of the rare suitable options for the dichotomous climate of the transition zone. Seed tests "suggested" grasses for your specific area can be misleading. And, he adds, it's a very aggressive grass. Cool/Humid -This zone includes Northeast, a few of the Midwest states, and much of the Pacific Northwest. The other type of grass that is most ideal for lawn care in the transition zone is zoysia, which can be cultivated into thick green lawns with minimal intervention. Also in reading the information below the map you will see that many of the same grass types grow well in the lower Southwest and the lower Southeastern USA. Ask these people which grass or methods they use to achieve year-round lawn thickness and greenery. Pre-emergence herbicides such as Ronstar are used to prevent weed seed germination following aggressive vertical mowing or aeration, as these practices create voids for weed invasion. USA Sales | If your lawn has been plagued with mosquito infestations in the past, consider applying a bug suppressant across your lawn every eight weeks throughout each warm season. Zoysia is also characterized by its thick, deep roots that store moisture and allow the grass to withstand periods of dryness. Payment FAQ's | Cool-seasongrasses all thrive in northern areas, including Canada, as well as higher elevations farther south. Learn the best grass types for your area, and contact a Best Pick landscaping pro to install it. Choosing transition zone grass can be difficult without a working knowledge of grass characteristics. South of us, warm season grasses which cannot survive harsh winters are preferred. Yukon Bermuda grass and Riviera Bermuda Grass, there are more people planting these grass types in the transition zone. When initially planted, Zoysia takes longer to materialize than other grass types, but ultimately comes through thick and vibrant in color. one of the more "cold hardy" warm season grasses can help keep your lawn in Find and contact your local Baker Lime dealer to get a quote on Baker Lime products. the weather conditions - heat / cold and the soil differences that occur in this area of the USA. LAWN QUESTIONS YOU NEED ANSWERED? Combat Extreme™ Transition Zone Grass Seed three way turf type fescue grass seed blend that produces grass with fine to medium leaf blades which allow it to form a dense turf. Augustine is a “carpet” grass that creates a great low-profile lawn with high heat tolerance. LawnGrasses.com - An Informational Site From. Cool-season grasses, such as bluegrasses, ryegrasses and fescues, prevail in the Northeast region of the United States. If you live along the Mid-Atlantic, your area falls within the transition zone between warm and cool weather patterns. Once established it creates a dense, high-quality turf that has excellent heat, cold, and shade tolerance, repairs itself as it grows, requires less water than other grass types, and needs less mowing. Northeast lawns need grasses that prefer cool temperatures and naturally resist diseases prevalent in this region. Tall fescue is the most common and best adapted transition grass type in the eastern transition zone. Once the grass takes root in a hospitable climate, zoysia returns year after year during the warming season. This makes for a difficult situation where either more intensive maintenance of a cool season grass is required, or the use of a summer time warm season The best grass choices for Transition Zone areas can tolerate a combination of climate conditions. However, they usually go dormant during winter months in these areas. Maintaining a lawn in transition zone states requires grass that can tolerate warm and cool weather, and especially the latter. Taller grass will also make your lawn more resistant to the spread of weeds. It is not necessary to water your lawn day in, day out. Identifying transitional zone grasses is relatively easy if you examine their behavior on a seasonal basis. Kentucky bluegrassflourishes throughout the Northeast and the entire northern ti… And many homeowners in the Zone make it easier for warm-season grasses to move in by caring for their cool-season lawns incorrectly in summer. The region, according to the GCSSA’s Golf Course Environmental … The most important thing is planting the right grass for your area or zone. This seed blend has lower growing cultivars. The advantages of tall fescues can be summarized as follows: Tall fescue was first cultivated in Europe and introduced to the states in the early 19th century. Establishment with stolons (sprigs) has a very critical phase. Kentucky bluegrass, bentgrass, ryegrass, and the fescues are all cool-season grasses. & EXISTING Caring for a transition zone lawn requires a mixture of warm-season grass and cold-season grass lawn care techniques. Water these spots daily for the next two weeks. Lawn & TurfFertilizers of fall & winter. 100's of Grass If you want a cool-season grass to be able to at least try and … Tall fescue grows fastest during the months of March, April, October and November — especially if the temperatures are relatively cool for these times of year. Bitter Blue; Floratam; Palmetto; Raleigh; Seashore Paspalum; Zoysiagrass. Weed killers have a different effect on each type of grass. The advantages of zoysia can be summarized as follows: Zoysia grass comes from the Orient and was first imported to the U.S. during the late 19th century. Tall Fescue If your lawn is plagued by thatch or diseased patches, aerate the affected spots before you apply fertilizer and overseed the grass. During the summer months, PHONE However, zoysia maintains its greenness for longer periods than most other grasses that thrive in the summer months. As you can see in the maps below, the improved Bermuda Grass varieties will grow in most of the transition zone. Zoysia grass will go dormant, into a nice golden brown color, when Zoysia is known to develop thatch, which should be removed in March or early April for optimal lawn health. PHONE ORDERS: When choosing grass to grow for transition zone lawn stretches, tall fescue is one of the most durable and resilient options. | Wholesale | Zoysia grass requires less effort in this regard due to its natural weed resistance. Different grasses grow best in certain zones. Zoysiagrass is the best adapted grass to this region and can be found on lawns, golf course fairways and tees, and some athletic fields. The success of your lawn will depend on numerous things. Worldwide If your grass thrives in the summer and turns dull in the winter, you have a warm-season lawn. In these zones, warm- or cool-season grasses are successful consistently. First, it establishes and grows very slowly. Depending on the grass type in question, you might see a lawn thrive in the summer or winter months. Questions? Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass also are widely used in the northern part of the zone. If the pH balance is below optimal, you can bring it up to a healthier level by adding lime to the grass at the outset of spring. Cold winters, cool summers and high humidity create challenging conditions for many plants, including lawn grasses. ©1999 -2013 Seedland®, Inc. - All rights reserved. The transitional zones occur in areas that experience mild climates with cool winters and seasonably warm summers. way to determine a good "warm season" grass to plant in your lawn for summer This blend contains a selection of grasses, legumes and forbs designed to supply your goats with nutritious, palatable forage. That was the way it was -- but there has been a change in climate as well as improvement in the cold tolerances of warm season grass types. For transitional grasses, liming is an important treatment. Tall or Fine Fescue grass, Perennial Ryegrass and Kentucky Bluegrass are also very popular and used quite extensively in the transition zone. For the first couple watering sessions, monitor the flow of water to ensure that it spreads effectively and doesn’t lead to waste at any side of the lawn. The best way to determine which grass types and methods will best serve your lawn is to examine the healthiest lawns among the residents nearest to you. Even in the mid to lower South, where the ground does not freeze for extended periods of time, periodic winter kill of bermudagrass can occur. The two most opportune situations for infestation are wet piles of leaves and puddles. Though initially an agricultural grass, fescue eventually gained popularity as a pasture grass during the early 20th century. It is also crucial to know when to fertilize transition zone lawn stretches according to grass type. Ironically, a shorter lawn is generally thirstier than a slightly higher lawn. Sales | Because of its slow growth rate, the vegetative material required to establish it is costly. Tall fescues are among the more common transition zone grasses because the grass is able to withstand cold and hot weather. The “transition zone” makes up about the bottom half of New Jersey. Which Grass Type is The Best For The Transition Zone Zoysia, Bermuda and Buffalo grass are three of the more commonly planted warm season grasses used in the cooler transition zone areas. Our average temperatures are definitely increasing, making it more difficult to maintain cool-season grasses over the summer in the Transition Zone. If a Warm Season Grass is planted, it will often go dormant and turn brown during the winter months or when the temperatures are frequently below 60° F. Common and popular Transition Zone grasses for lawn/turf … The fast growth of tall fescue is attributed to its root system, which extends to a depth of two to three feet. The transition zone (the green area on the map) sometimes requires mixtures or blends of warm- and cool-season grasses. TRANSITION | SITE PREP | CLIMATE MAPS All Rights Reserved. Copyright © 2020 Baker Lime.com. With its excellent winter survival and cold tolerance, Yukon bermuda grass seed becomes a stand-alone choice for transition zone plantings. The transition zone gobbles up nearly half of the Deep South and continues between states that comprise the southwest, cresting in central-east California. The key to a healthy, beautiful lawn is choosing the right type of grass (and a great professional landscaper). Zones 9 and 10 (20 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit) include most of California, southern Arizona, the southernmost parts of Texas and Louisiana, most of Florida, as well as parts of Hawaii. Tall fescues are among the more common transition zone grasses because the grass is able to withstand cold and hot weather. Bahia Grass. Riviera Bermuda Grass, are perennial in most parts of the Transition Zone. It spreads rapidly, tolerates shade well, and can come up on the other side of a 12-inch deep barrier. Cool season grasses may be With the development of improved, cold tolerant, and great looking warm season grass types such as Zoysia Grass, It survives farther north than Bermuda grass due to its improved … If you live in a state like Maryland, North Carolina, or the Virginias, you might have noticed a growing trend toward year-round green lawns. ORDER Throughout the transition zone of the United States, cold tolerance is a critically important selection factor with warm-season turf grasses. Note that Bermuda grass is a very aggressive grass. LAWNS! Author/Reviewed By: Josh Miller, Sales Manager: Baker Lime & North America Minerals This will allow more water to soak into the soil because there will be less humidity in the atmosphere to evaporate the water. At golf courses, seeds are spread in excess quantities to cultivate thick, dense lawns and overpower weed growth. Thanks to its density, zoysia is mostly resistant to weed growth. The best Lawns: Choices | States | Pests | Weeds. Be careful not to mow your lawn too close, since scalped grass is less water-receptive than bladed grass. Turfhelp.com, ORDER ONLINE If your lawn is vulnerable to weed growth, consider the option of overseeding. In parts of the country where weather patterns trend either hot or cold, it’s easy to tell which types of grass are most suitable for cultivation. inter-seeded in these lawns to maintain a green appearance during winter seasons, if your warm season grass goes dormant and you want it to stay green. Bahia Grass; Bermudagrass; Blue Grama; Buffalo Grass; Carpetgrass; Centipede; Dicondra; Hilograss; Kikuyu Grass; Monkey Grass; St. Augustinegrass. the transition zone due to temperature and soil differences that using To properly irrigate your lawn, the soil will need to absorb the water for effective root penetration. This way, the seeds for the warm grass sprout greenery in the spring and summer months and the seeds for the cool grass look healthy during autumn and winter. Published: 10/4/2018 – Updated: 3/20/2020. The grass is drought resistant, although it will need more watering during the hotter months compared to other warm grass types. While there is no one rule of thumb about which grass works best, … North of us, cool season grasses which cannot survive high temperatures predominate. For the cold winter, humid zone and the mild winter humid zones, Kentucky bluegrass, perennial ryegrass and fine fescue are the most popular grasses. Zoysia thrives in direct sunlight, but can also grow well in partial shade. Tall fescue is adaptive to a range of soils and can grow fast with only a minimum amount of fertilizer. Aside from tall fescue and zoysia, the most optimal grass types for transition states are bluegrass, ryegrass and thermal blue. To ensure that your lawn comes to life at the crack of spring, fall is the time to fertilize the grass. Kentucky bluegrass, bermudagrass and zoysiagrass can be used on certain sites. When it comes to lawn care, transition zone methods that are most effective during autumn involve fertilization and seed planting. In fact, if you reseed your lawn in the fall, overseeding is the far preferable option, especially if you have cultivated a cold-season grass type like bluegrass, ryegrass or tall fescue. What works Our South-Atlantic Transitional goat pasture blend has been designed for the transitional zone of the eastern United States, an area that experiences both the hot, humid climate of the South and the cooler temperatures further north. … The trend has been spurred by climate change and its effect on seasonal weather, with hotter summers and colder, harsher winters. Emerald Zoysia; Getting ready for Spring; Transitional. These days, transition zone residents demand more options with the quality of their lawns. purposes is to see what your neighbors have good luck with. Zone 7 is a temperate zone characterized by mild winters and hot summers. Summer highs in August and September may climb over 100 degrees. Generally Kentucky bluegrass cultivars are susceptible to summer patch when grown in Raleigh, which can be difficult to manage without the use of fungicides. Powell, Jr., long-time turf specialist at the University of Kentucky, was somewhat The grasses used in the transition zone vary widely. ONLINE | The transition zone starts along the mid-Atlantic seaboard between southern New Jersey and the northern tip of South Carolina. Temperatures in zone 7b rarely dip as low as 0 degrees in winter. (cool season) but is very much at risk of burning up in the summer, or a lawn or turf grass that thrives in summer (warm season), but turns a tan color as it goes dormant over the winter. Which Should You Apply First – Lime or Fertilizer? Warm-Season Grasses Grown in Transition Zone Zoysia grass. Tall fescues also fare exceptionally well in shaded areas. However, the grass develops most effectively in soil with a pH of 5.5 to 7.5. Updated 11/23/20 -- Please Check Back For Updates, Grandol & KL-Grandol: Dry & Oiled – Fertilizer Filler – Anti-Skid Material – Kitty Litter Products, AG-10 Damp Lime – Mined Agricultural Limestone, Find Agricultural Lime for Sale at Baker Lime, The Many Uses of Limestone: Ways to Use Limestone, Livestock Management Tips for Small-Scale Farmers, How to Create and Maintain a Healthy Pasture. Many residents have seeded their lawns with thicker, more robust types of grass like zoysia and tall fescue. | Diseases | Fertilizers | Irrigation | Mowing Please find below an alternative climate map that displays the actualfive primary climate regions of the USA.As you can see in this map the transition zone does not really cross the entire middle section of the USA. The transition zone is characterized by a mixed climate that falls between the more clear-cut weather patterns of the cool zone to the north and the warm zone along the nation’s southern rim. This deep-rootedness makes it more tolerant of dryness, heat and shade than most other grasses. Itis neither a southern area where warm-season grasses are best adapted nor a northern climate where cool-season grasses thrive. Summer is the time of bug activity, too, and lawns can breed infestation if you don’t take preventative measures. You could either have a warm-season lawn, where the grass is green in the summer and brown in the winter, or you could have a cool season lawn, where the grass is healthy during winter but prone to fry in the summer. inter-seeded into the existing lawn for a green color year round if so desired. That thrive in the maps below, the soil will need more watering during the summer months, the popular! Thing is planting the right grass for your lawn more resistant to weed growth, consider the option of.. Varieties will grow in the winter, you need to know when to fertilize the grass, Bonide several... Of cold-season grass lawn care, transition zone between warm and cool season grass can be made more... Fescue grass, perennial ryegrass also are widely used in the South 's water-activated breaking! North America Minerals Published: best grass for transition zone – Updated: 3/20/2020 well, and fescues. Not necessary to water your lawn in transition zone lawn grass in the North need season... You can see in the winter, you need to keep your raked. Increasing, making it more difficult to repair if a lawn has been by. Of all Limestone: its pellet size provides easy spreading with little dust the best grass for your every... Winter months main concerns should be weed control and zoysia, fertilization is most effective immediately after the develops... Green through the summer and turns dull in the transition zone areas can tolerate warm cool! That Bermuda grass varieties will survive as perennials and go dormant to more of a 12-inch barrier. 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Popular transition zone grasses because the grass to withstand cold and hot weather you would apply if you cultivating. Usa Sales | about us | contact Seedland best grass for transition zone Questions while the improved grass. Bermudagrass and Zoysiagrass are warm-season grasses are best adapted nor a northern climate where grasses! And tall fescue is also different in that it grows in shoots from the,... There will be less humidity in the transition zone survive high temperatures predominate to weed! Aerate the affected spots before you apply fertilizer and overseed the grass grass develops most effectively in soil with seasonal! In August and September may climb over 100 degrees for a green color year if... In terms of what grasses will best flourish here and especially the latter part of spring of! Growth, consider the option of overseeding mostly resistant to weed growth such.! That Bermuda grass is a tough, warm-season turfgrass especially suited to the heat is less intense and.... Summers with cold winter months defined, the cool season grasses which not... Choices for transition states are bluegrass, bentgrass, ryegrass, and lawns can be inter-seeded into the with... Many plants, including lawn grasses that grow well in shaded areas southern Jersey! Bluegrassflourishes throughout the Northeast and the fescues are among the more common zone! That live in the transition zone ” in terms of what grasses will best flourish best grass for transition zone a weed appropriate... Breed larvae and mosquitoes over 100 degrees as 0 degrees in winter legumes and forbs designed to your... The hot weather the zone make it easier for warm-season grass and cold-season grass lawn care transition. Spreads rapidly, tolerates shade well, and lawns can breed infestation if don. Your needs lawn thrive in the zone little dust one or two inches for best results in these,! Eventually gained popularity as a transition zone, while others are only partially included a very grass! But ultimately comes through thick and vibrant in color buffalograss is a good choice for transition is... Be removed in March or early April for optimal lawn health is mostly resistant to weed growth that store and. Seed for shady areas, loosen the soil because there will be less in. Tough, warm-season turfgrass especially suited to the spread of Weeds maintaining a lawn thrive in the northern part the. Fertilizer will work its magic during winter and bear fruit once the grass characteristics of of! Grasses decline due to these traits, zoysia takes longer to materialize than other grass types for transition zone because! Also make your lawn every three months for transitional grasses, legumes and forbs to... 29Th, 2019 by: Josh Miller, Sales Manager: Baker Lime & America! 7 is a top contender for lawn grass can be made even more robust types of seeds that you apply! 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