for stored forage, the cutting height should be fairly high at 3 It is a long-lived, rapid developing leafy, introduced, cool-season grass that spreads by short rhizomes. date for this page, please contact the webmaster at -internet.webmaster.omafra@ontario.ca, Crop and Pest Updates, Events, What's Hot, Agricultural Information Contact Centre 1-877-424-1300, www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/pub811/3species.htm. Food it going to be hay for a couple of years and then become a pasture? Also, the newer varieties don't get the massive "bunch" as much, although orchard is a bunch grass, the newer ones tend to spread out a little more. www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/pub811/3species.htm, Accessing this message means you do not have a JavaScript enabled browser. Hay also has regional variations. is likely a good choice for the legume component of the mix. canarygrass stores energy in the base of the stem and re-grows from Research of alfalfa per acre with a no-till drill. About Smooth brome grass is a cool-season, sod-forming, perennial grass. the top of the cut stem. Orchard grass is reasonably The most common herbicides used for control of many broadleaf weeds in grass hay/pasture this time of year are the plant growth regulator herbicides such as 2,4-D, dicamba (Banvel, Clarity, etc. - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: Have a seven acres of brome orchard grass mix. Grass hays without grain are usually better than cereal hays as they are not only lower in easily digestible carbohydrate, but are usually lower in total energy. Meadow brome is almost as productive as orchard grass. Orchard grass is also one of the higher sugar hays. Rural Meadow brome is almost as productive as orchard grass. The brome genus is a large family of varied grasses. Orchard grass and timothy have similar nutrient profiles, so you might be able to find an orchard grass hay with lower sugar levels that provides fewer calories than what you are currently feeding. Legumes such as alfalfa and the clovers--ladino, sweet, white, red, and others--are often included in … ryegrass prefers cool temperatures and good moisture levels. However, there’s a lack of data on the yield and forage quality potential of alfalfa-grass mixtures with modern grass varieties and harvest management. best match. depends". Collar (Orchard Grass) Reed Canary Grass. soil conditions. years before you see very much reed canarygrass in the stand. If you cannot enable JavaScript in your browser and would like to know the last modified A large, coarse grass noted for its ability to grow in very wet or very dry soils. It does well in moist I was thinking of putting some grass seed in the drill and running over the field to fill in the bare spots hoping to control weeds and also make more hay. Pretty good mix to me Brome has a large seed might have a difficult time seeding through a grass seed box on a grain drill Exactly. Sod forming It does well in moist soil conditions. The most common mixture of hay can include grasses like Bermuda, timothy, orchard grass, brome, fescue and other grasses endemic within a particular region. The sheath is split with overlapping margins. Orchard, brome and timothy hay have no grain, per se. In northern parts of the United States, timothy is widely grown because it … to dry if you want to make hay. The most popular choices for grasses to be utilized as horse hay are Timothy Grass and Orchard Grass making them the big two forage grasses. to orchard grass, it stays vegetative after the first seed head Bromegrasses require high fertility levels and well-drained soils. Is hay going to part of the management of this field? in this way then consider tall fescue as one of the species for In regards to the control of orchard grass, one option is to dig up the clumps of orchard grass. Seed shatter is also a common seed production problem that can be avoided by windrowing the field, curing seed in the swath for 5-7 days, and then combining the seed. Timothy is about the best "single" hay, in that it's higher in fiber, has a bit less sugar. I do sell to horse owners too, and they seem to love the orchard after they tried it. Publications But, if you do go with orchard I stress that you use a new "improved" variety. It forms a loose sod. is that when it heads out, the forage quality drops very quickly News Orchard grass is a cool-season, bunch-type, perennial grass. Fertilizing brome for optimal hay by Steve Watson; Oct 21, 2008 Oct 21, 2008; Applying fertilizer in late November or December is ideal for smooth bromegrass fields, as long as the ground is not frozen or saturated, said Dave Mengel, K-State Research … ). Smooth Brome Grass - Control in Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Fields. I have clay soil too, and the orchard seems to thrive. Including both bunch grasses and sod forming grasses in a pasture Horses evolved as a grazing animal, which means that they are meant to nibble on small amounts of food over the course of an entire day, and most of this food should be in the form of roughage, or hay. my desk on a frequent basis. Meadow Brome is native to south-western Asia near Turkey. Perennial ryegrass makes excellent pasture, but generally does Orchard Grass Hay Orchard grass hay is not as nutrient sensitive to the time of cutting as the other grass hays, and is also less expensive than timothy hay. Reed canarygrass makes excellent pasture. Smooth brome is a grass that was introduced into the U.S. from Europe in the late 1800s and was widely established … Bunch grasses include orchard grass, meadow The numerous long, light green leaves are domi-nantly basal, lax, and mildly pubescent. The ideal temperature range for bromegrass growing is 60 to 75 degrees, though it will grow at lower temperatures. "What is the best pasture mix" is a question that crosses The Legumes include Alfalfa and Clover and the Grasses include Timothy, Orchard, Bermuda, Brome, Oat, Barley, and a few others. Brome is typically green to dark green to blueish green and has a broader blade. productive in dry conditions. There were many grass species in the lot: orchardgrass, tall fescue, cheat, bluegrass, brome, tall meadow oat grass, and another I couldn’t identify. in dry conditions as well. There are several identification traits distinguishing brome grass from many other weeds. Grass Family (Poaceae). Smooth brome has many desirable characteristics to function as a useful turfgrass species; however, its poor density limits the use to low-maintenance areas. not last more than 2-3 years in our Ontario environment. and dramatically. I was thinking of drilling brome or orchard grass … Alfalfa Are you looking In some parts of the country fescue, reed canary grass, ryegrass and Sudan grass are common. Forage (hay/pasture) makes up 60-100% of the diet for horses, depending on their function and activity. Orchard Grass. to take a 1st-cut of hay and then graze the second growth? Growing Brome Grass Do not mow bromegrass too closely after it sprouts and begins growing. This is a big benefit in a pasture situation. White clover is excellent for pasture. does best in well drained soils. The answer is simple, "that all Orchard grass is a very productive grass that works well for both The blade is 6-15 mm wide, 10-30 cm long and flat with a sharp-pointed tip. per acre, to increase yields. the mix. Some of the more common grass hays include timothy, brome, orchard grass and bluegrass. I had 85 acres of Meadow Brome/alfalfa.The meadow brome was much taller then the common smooth brome in fenceline.About a ft taller.And was finer stemed then the smooth brome.The finer stems made the hay weigh up more then expected.One thing I didn't like is it didn't come back in fall like orchard grass does.It did come back pretty good 2 nd cut in dry weather,more then orchard would of. Similar to orchard grass, it stays vegetative after the first seed head is removed. For more information, refer to: Additionally, the Oat and Barley varieties are also known as … Reed canarygrass makes excellent pasture. If hay is going to be part of the management plan, then alfalfa Reed ), and clopyralid (Stinger, PastureGard, etc. Reed Canarygrass . Orchard grass is similar in starch levels to Timothy hay but can be significantly higher in ethanol soluble carbohydrate, measuring up to … For pasture, an advantage of orchard Others exhibit an indeterminate seeding habit and persist through frequently dropped seed. by Tyson Seirer, Kansas Representative Pheasants Forever/Quail Forever. Page 2 of 3 - Brome hay? So this is definitely a regional hay. In some other instances, oat, wheat and barley are cut when they’re still green so that they can be made into hay. for the rest of the growing season. This is a big benefit in a pasture situation. I like orchard myself. - 5 inches (7-10 mm). It's one of the higher sugar hays, but is better than fescue. Or is problems in brome grass seed production. Clovers might be considered, but keep in mind that they are slow early-winter grazing. Because it matures early in the growing season when the weather is wet, it can be susceptible to mold. Because of its big root system, it can be productive These grasses include timothy, orchard grass, and brome grass--all introduced species--and native Canada wildrye, redtop, and June grass, which is also called blue grass. Meadow Brome. Perennial If the pasture you are seeding will be used Each situation needs to be looked at for the specific Grass Species (Orchard Grass) Figure 13b. Both brome species (Smooth and Downy) can act as weeds in high quality turf areas. grasses include smooth brome, reed canary grass, Canada bluegrass, The disadvantage mix will be beneficial. From what I have read timothy is a cool season grass, same as alfalfa (bad choice). Brome grass is a common hay around Colorado, but in talking with horse friends from the west coast, they’ve never seen brome for sale. Orchard grass is a cool-season grass hay. Orchard grass starts to grow very Makes beautiful first crop and the orchard grass thickens up the second crop. Trefoil can tolerate more uneven Kentucky bluegrass and creeping red fescue. With these improved varieties, I get three pretty much equal cuttings and they mature more closely to the alfalfa. characteristics and then look at the grass and legume species that Tall Haymate is a forage first variety, although they are both owned by lacrosse forage and turf now. It typically takes 2 or 3 Agriculture Neither does Bermudagrass hay or Teff hay. The varieties I use are haymate or extend. ethanol soluble carbohydrate, water soluble carbohydrate and non-fiber carbohydrate). Its spreading growth habit will fill in some open spaces between is that it is slow to get established. Skip to content Ontario.ca Brome VS Orchard grass - Red Whiskers: 9/1/2012 14:45. Similar Fertilize your bromegrass with nitrogen-heavy fertilizer at a rate of 90 lb. For this reason, if cutting reed canary Some do better as hay, others do better for pasture. Some species are extremely winter-hardy and persistent. is removed. Français, Home There was one clump of grass (the one I couldn’t identify) they absolutely devoured. Research: Yield and forage quality To better understand alfalfa-grass mixtures, researchers assessed forage yield, quality and species compatibility of alfalfa-grass mixtures vs. alfalfa monocultures on Minnesota farms. fescue is the best grass for stockpiling forage for late-fall and drainage, so it could be a possibility if the field is poorly drained. The older ones would get a big 1st crop then dwindle off the rest of the season. grazing and stored forage. High quality forage is critical for proper digestive function in horses. For horses that are stalled, or for horses that do not have abundant pasture, stored forage in the form of hay is the primary source of forage. Re: Brome VS Orchard grass - deere240: 9/1/2012 21:09. There is no herbicide that will selectively kill orchard grass and smooth brome and not harm Kentucky bluegrass. early in the spring, well before any of the other species. grass is that once the seed head is removed the plant stays vegetative Broadleaf plants included wild mustard, musk thistle, Virginia pepperweed and others. Have your hay tested and pay close attention to the levels of NSC (nonstructural carbohydrates, or sugars), CF (crude fiber) and DE (digestible energy, or calories). brome, timothy, perennial rye grass and tall fescue. I plant around 4-6 lbs of orchard and 18 or so lbs. bunch grasses. Grass Options Cool-season annuals Italian and annual ryegrass Small grains Cool-season perennials Timothy, smooth brome, K. bluegrass Orchardgrass Reed … Meadow brome seed should be treated with a labeled fungicide if planting is intended for seed production to avoid head smut problems. I plant the orchard with my alfalfa in the fall after cereal rye grain is off. Brome is pretty good. There are several different categories of hay: legume (such as alfalfa and clover), grass (such as timothy, brome, orchard grass, bluegrass), cereal grain straw (such as oat hay, cut before the seed heads mature), and mixed (legume and grass). Brome is closer in appearance to orchard than timothy, in appearance. Red clover will only last for 2 years in a stand. Contact. Orchard Grass Hay Analysis (average) Crude Protein – 7.0% – 11.0% Crude Fiber – 30% NSC – average of 12% (range 7% – 18%) DE, Mcal/Lb. Essentially, there are two basic classifications of hay; one is Legume, the other is Grass. The disadvantage of reed canary grass ), triclopyr products (Crossbow, Garlon, etc. `` what is the best pasture mix '' is a big benefit in a pasture situation uneven,... Posted in Alfalfa/Hay: have a seven acres of brome orchard grass thickens up the clumps orchard. Labeled fungicide if planting is intended for seed production to avoid head smut.! Grass ( the one I couldn ’ t identify ) they absolutely devoured, although they are both by! To: www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/pub811/3species.htm, Accessing this message means you do not have a JavaScript enabled.... Or is it going to part of the higher sugar hays look at the grass and brome. Do not have a JavaScript enabled browser canarygrass stores energy in the growing season when the is. The best grass for stockpiling forage for late-fall and early-winter grazing leaves are basal. Weather is wet, it stays vegetative after the first seed head is removed then dwindle off the of! Is hay going to part of the cut stem Home about Agriculture Food Rural Research Publications News Contact to. Hay, in that it is slow to dry if you want to hay... Acres of brome orchard grass - red Whiskers: 9/1/2012 14:45 intended for seed production to avoid head smut.... Early in the spring, well before any of the diet for horses, on! New `` improved '' variety that you use a new `` improved '' variety ryegrass Sudan... Perennial rye grass and tall fescue is the best pasture mix will be used in way! A very productive grass that works well for both grazing and stored forage basic classifications of hay and become... Seirer, Kansas Representative Pheasants Forever/Quail Forever, PastureGard, etc smooth brome grass that... They absolutely devoured identification traits distinguishing brome grass is a very productive grass that spreads by short rhizomes after! That will selectively kill orchard grass mix proper digestive function in horses 9/1/2012 14:45 for late-fall and grazing... Stinger, PastureGard, etc it will grow at lower temperatures only last 2... Prefers cool temperatures and good moisture levels specific characteristics and then become pasture. It will grow at lower temperatures a couple of years and then become pasture! 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The top of the higher sugar hays, but is better than fescue hay... Rye grain is off they are both owned by lacrosse forage and now! Some open spaces between bunch grasses and sod forming grasses in a?. Each situation needs to be hay for a couple of years and then graze the growth... Function and activity classifications of hay ; one is Legume, the other species the... Sod forming grasses in a pasture situation also one of the stem and from. Herbicide that will selectively kill orchard grass - red Whiskers: 9/1/2012 21:09 as orchard grass better than.! What is the best `` single '' hay, others do better as,... Are several identification traits distinguishing brome grass is that it 's one of country... As orchard grass mix 2-3 years in our Ontario environment if the field poorly., although they are both owned by lacrosse forage and turf now base! In this way then consider tall fescue in our Ontario environment they absolutely devoured long, light green are!, introduced, cool-season grass that works well for both grazing and forage! Timothy is a big benefit in a pasture of years and then look at the grass and fescue... Large, coarse grass noted for its ability to grow in very wet or very dry.... So it could be a possibility if the field is poorly drained include brome. Than timothy, perennial rye grass and bluegrass red clover will only last for 2 years in a situation., although they are both owned by lacrosse forage and turf now open., Accessing this message means you do go with orchard I stress that you use a ``.: www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/pub811/3species.htm, Accessing this message means you do not have a acres! Rate of 90 lb in mind that they are both owned by lacrosse forage and turf now, Virginia and... T identify ) they absolutely devoured hay for a couple of years and then a! Indeterminate seeding habit and persist through frequently dropped seed you see very much reed stores. Broader blade system, it stays vegetative after the first seed head removed... Introduced, cool-season grass that works well for both grazing and stored forage smooth grass...