[4], "Notes on the treatment of Cyperaceae for Flora Iranica", Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, "Im botanischen Discussionsabende am 16. [3] Most of the leaves of S. lacustris are reduced to bladeless sheaths around the stem, but leaf blades up to 100 centimetres (39 in) long can be formed under water. One of the few Pomo survivors of the Bloody Island Massacre (also called the Clear Lake Massacre) in Northern California, a 6-year-old girl named Ni'ka, or Lucy Moore, evaded the United States Cavalry by hiding behind the tule reeds in the bloodied water. Schoenoplectus lacustris (L.) Palla ssp. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. The goal of Native Plants Hawaii (NPH) is to create and establish a single, comprehensive and searchable online database / knowledgebase with information updated by participating nurseries and specialists. Scirpus lacustris var. [6,10,31] Scirpus olneyi A. Gewöhnliche Teichsimse in German. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. pungens. [27,32,44,45,82,89] Scirpus lacustris L. SCS PLANT CODE : SCAC3 COMMON NAMES : hardstem bulrush tule TAXONOMY : The scientific name of hardstem bulrush is Schoenoplectus acutus (Muhl.) Scirpus lacustris L. subsp. tenuiculmis Sheldon: SCTE9: Scirpus tenuiculmis (Sheldon) Soják: Classification. & D. Love var. ex Bigelow) Á. Löve & D. Löve: SCAC: Scirpus acutus Muhl. Description. creber, Schoenoplectus lacustris ssp. 1888. 10: 299 (1888). The town of Tulelake is northeast of the lake. Large triangular dark green stems with brownish inflorescences hang pendulously from spring to fall. zebrinus Scirpus zebrinus Schoenoplectus lacustris. lacustris. acutus, Scirpus lacustris (4) Common name. val . Etymology - Scirpus is Latin for bulrush, and lacustris refers to its normally lacustrine habitat. tabernaemontani, Schoenoplectus validus and Scirpus validus. The flowers are in clusters of small spikelets, often brown or greenish brown. The common name derives from the Nāhuatl word tōllin [ˈtoːlːin], and was first applied by the early settlers from New Spain who recognized the marsh plants in the Central Valley of Californiaas similar to those in … tenuiculmis Sheldon • MA, VT. Scirpus validus soft-stemmed bulrush (syn. Brown. & Germ.) [6] Her descendants have since formed the Lucy Moore Foundation to work for better relations between the Pomo and residents of California. Genus: Schoenoplectus Species: Schoenoplectus lacustris Subspecies: S. l. subsp. Incl. Schoenoplectus acutus (syn. Scirpus tabernaemontani var. Scirpus lacustris auct. [1] It is also found in a number of Mediterranean sites in North Africa,[5] and has been introduced to Haiti. Shallow water or wet soil of lake and river shores. Rouy, 1912 Scirpus lacustris var. acutus), called tule /ˈtuːliː/, common tule, hardstem tule, tule rush, hardstem bulrush, or viscid bulrush, is a giant species of sedge in the plant family Cyperaceae, native to freshwater marshes all over North America. tenuiculmis Sheldon • MA, VT. acutus ), called tule, common tule, hardstem tule, tule rush, hardstem bulrush, or viscid bulrush, is a giant species of sedge in the plant family Cyperaceae, native to freshwater marshes all over North America. Leaves vary greatly in size, some being hardly discernible, others growing to 10 centimeters or, when floating, reaching a length of 30 to 60 centimeters. hardstem bulrush Range . acutus), called tule, common tule, hardstem tule, tule rush, hardstem bulrush, or viscid bulrush, is a giant species of sedge in the plant family Cyperaceae, native to freshwater marshes all over North America. Schoenoplectus lacustris, the lakeshore bulrush or common club-rush, is a species of club-rush (genus Schoenoplectus) that grows in fresh water across Europe and some neighbouring areas. 8: 40. California also has a Tule River. medius Schrad. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. [3] The inflorescence appears at the top of the stem, and comprises 3–10 branches, each of which is up to 10 cm (3.9 in) long and may be again divided into shorter branches. tabernaemontani , Schoenoplectus lacustris ssp. Verz. Teit, James A. tabernaemontani, Scirpus tabernaemontani, Scirpus lacustris subsp. tabernaemontani , Schoenoplectus lacustris ssp. 45th Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology. Pterygolepis Rchb. Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani) Obligate wetland plant for inland shallow waters, non-tidal marshes and wildlife. (1930): The Salishan Tribes of the Western Plateaus. 10: 299. Schoenoplectus acutus (Scirpus acutus, Schoenoplectus lacustris, Scirpus lacustris subsp. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. Taphrogiton Montandon Maximoviczia A.P.Khokhr. ABBREVIATION: SCHAME SYNONYMS: Scirpus americanus Pers. Fl. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Scirpus acutus var. Previous scientific name(s): Schoenoplectus lacustris ssp. Scirpus lithuanicus Besser ex Schult. It was drained by land speculators in the 20th century. acutus (Muhl. Classification. Maximowicziella A.P.Khokhr. major Schrad. Jahrb. Schoenoplectus (Scirpus) lacustris (Common or Grey Clubrush) is the true native bulrush, not the reedmace with poker heads (Typha) that almost everyone refers to as bulrushes. Schoenoplectus Reichenbach, Icon. [1] The common name derives from the Nāhuatl word tōllin [ˈtoːlːin], and was first applied by the early settlers from New Spain who recognized the marsh plants in the Central Valley of California as similar to those in the marshes around Mexico City. Smithsonian Institution. [3][4] The stems of S. tabernaemontani are also round, but S. tabernaemontani is a smaller plant, less than 1.5 m (4 ft 11 in) tall, with only two stigmas per flower. & Graebn.) März sprach Herr Dr. Ed. Habitat preferences S. lacustris) can reach a height of 3 m, while S. sylvaticus is about 1.2 m and others, such as S. supinus, are much smaller, only reaching 20–30 cm tall. lacustris Scirpus lacustris var. When erosion occurs, tule rhizomes are replanted in strategic areas. Hollow pith-filled greyish green leaves rise from the base to up to 2 metres, topping which are brown spiky flowers. The Tule Desert is located in Arizona and Nevada. Helv. Schoenoplectus acutus ( Scirpus acutus, Schoenoplectus lacustris, Scirpus lacustris subsp. Scirpus lacuster L. Scirpus lacustris L. Scirpus lacustris subsp. : 26 (1800). Gewöhnliche Teichsimse in German. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from August to September. acutus (Muhl. de: Gewöhnliche Teichbinse / Teichsimse Photos . Schoenoplectus lacustris grows up to 3.5 metres (11 ft) tall, with stems 5–15 millimetres (0.20–0.59 in) thick. Tules once lined the shores of Tulare Lake, California, formerly the largest freshwater lake in the western United States. It is so common in wetlands in California, several places in the state were named for it, including Tulare (a tulare is a tule marsh). Schoenoplectus pungens (Vahl) Palla – common threesquare Subordinate Taxa. Botany Tiker is an aquatic herb with horizontal rhizomes.Stems are stout, 45 to 120 centimeters tall, often standing in water. : 48 (1753). Scirpus acutus, Schoenoplectus lacustris, Scirpus lacustris subsp. Shallow water or wet soil of lake and river shores. The goal of Native Plants Hawaii (NPH) is to create and establish a single, comprehensive and searchable online database / knowledgebase with information updated by participating nurseries and specialists. Formerly known as Scirpus validus. genuinus Godr Scirpus lacustris var. Rank The young sprouts and shoots can be eaten raw and the rhizomes and unripe flower heads can be boiled as vegetables. Palla ber die Gattung, Verhandlungen des Kaiserlich-königlichen zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Schoenoplectus_lacustris&oldid=984693721, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 15:01. Formerly known as Scirpus validus. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Throughout western North America (4) Climate, elevation. are found growing together. Leaves vary greatly in size, some being hardly discernible, others growing to 10 centimeters or, when floating, reaching a length of 30 to 60 centimeters. Scirpus heterochaetus Chase; S. lacustris L. var. Name . ex Bigelow: SCLA80: Scirpus lacustris L. p.p. Hollow pith-filled greyish green leaves rise from the base to up to 2 metres, topping which are brown spiky flowers. Dichotomous table for leafminers 1846 ... Schoenoplectus californicus and members of the S. lacustris and S. pungens complexes are often ecologically dominant in wetlands, where they provide valuable food and habitat for waterfowl and other animals. A. [1][6] Two subspecies are recognised; the autonymic subspecies (S. lacustris subsp. Homotypic. Homonyms. Good for larger wildlife ponds. Shallow water or wet soil of lake and river shores. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Schoenoplectus lacustris (formerly known as Scirpus lacustris) Family Cyperaceae. acutus . This will connect local nurseries to landscape architects and home growers to promote the use and understanding of local native plants. Schoenoplectus acutus (syn. The expression "out in the tules" is still common, deriving from the dialect of old Californian families and means "where no one would want to live", with a touch of irony. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Scirpus is a genus of grass-like spe… Cool season, rhizomatous, native grasslike perennial that prefers marshes and muddy shores of lakes and streams. [3] At least two tribes, the Wanapum and the Pomo people, constructed tule houses as recently as the 1950s and still do for special occasions. Schoenoplectus lacustris (L.) Palla ssp. Synonyms . creber, Schoenoplectus lacustris ssp. The Paiutes named a neighboring tribe the Si-Te-Cah in their language, meaning tule eaters. Good for larger wildlife ponds. He Latinized his name to Tabernaemontanus. Genus Schoenoplectus are moisture-loving, rhizomatous evergreen perennials with grass-like foliage and insignificant brown flowers in summer Details 'Albescens' is an evergreen perennial with almost leafless cylindrical grey-green stems, banded with cream, and small brown flowers in clusters in summer ex Lej. Note that the name bulrush is also applied to species in the unrelated genus Typha as well as to other sedges. Schoenus lacustris (L.) Bernh., Syst. Etymology - Scirpus is Latin for bulrush, and lacustris refers to its normally lacustrine habitat. Gmel.) Bay Miwok, Coast Miwok, and Ohlone peoples used the tule in the manufacture of canoes or balsas, for transportation across the San Francisco Bay and using the marine and wetland resources. Synonyms. Scirpus lacustris var. Schoenoplectus lacustris (right and backwards) Photo by Kristian Peters Submersed parts Lake Woszczelskie, Poland Illustrations . Palla (Cyperaceae) [35,36]. A. Schoenoplectus acutus var. Palla (Cyperaceae) [35,36]. Schoenoplectus acutus × Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani → This uncommon bulrush hybrid is to be expected anywhere both parents are found growing together. kalmusii (Asch. val . Scirpus are rhizomatous perennial herbs, with 3-angled stems and flat grass-like leaves. acutus), called tule / ˈ t uː l iː /, common tule, hardstem tule, tule rush, hardstem bulrush, or viscid bulrush, is a giant species of sedge in the plant family Cyperaceae, native to freshwater marshes all over North America. Utilizing only reproductive characters, one can find it difficult to distinguish this hybrid without extreme familiarity with the parental taxa. Classification. Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani, commonly called softstem bulrush or great bulrush, is a rhizomatous emergent aquatic perennial of cosmopolitan distribution that typically grows in a variety of wetlands including the margins of ponds/lakes, banks of slow-moving rivers/streams, marshes, fens, bogs, wet prairies, ditches and wet depressions along roadsides and railroad tracks (see Steyermark). Gmel.) Tules once lined the shores of Tulare Lake, California, formerly the largest freshwater lake in the western United … Scirpus lacustris is a PERENNIAL growing to 2.5 m (8ft 2in). Scirpus acutus, Schoenoplectus lacustris, Scirpus lacustris subsp. & D. Love (Cyperaceae). Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Specific epithet honors Jakob Theodor von Bergzabern (d. 1590) of West Germany. Before the Salish got horses for bison hunting, they lived in tents covered with sewed mats of tule. Scirpus lacustris L. subsp. validus (Vahl) T. Koyama Scirpus validus Vahl NRCS PLANT CODE: SCTA2 COMMON NAMES: softstem bulrush soft-stem bulrush soft-stem clubrush great bulrush giant bulrush bullwhip common bulrush TAXONOMY: The scientific name of softstem bulrush is Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Dyed and woven, tules are used to make baskets, bowls, mats, hats, clothing, duck decoys, and even boats by Native American groups. ABBREVIATION : SCHACU SYNONYMS : Scirpus acutus Muhl. Scirpus club-rush. Schoenoplectus acutus has a thick, rounded green stem growing to 1 to 3 m (3 to 10 ft) tall, with long, grasslike leaves, and radially symmetrical, clustered, pale brownish flowers. Tule Lake is near the Oregon border and includes Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge. Rank Schoenoplectus lacustris NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. acutus, hardstem bulrush Schoenoplectus acutus … ... Schoenoplectus heterochaetus (Chase) Soják – slender bulrush Subordinate Taxa. It became part of the genus Schoenoplectus when Eduard Palla raised this from the rank of subgenus to the rank of genus in 1888. Scirpus lacustris L., Sp. [3], The stems of S. lacustris are round in cross-section, in contrast to the triquetrous (rounded-triangular) stems of other species in the genus, such as S. triqueter and S. Erf. Germ. Schoenoplectus lacustris NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. major Schrad Scirpus lacustris var. California's dense, ground-hugging tule fog is named for the plant, as are the tule elk and tule perch. Schoenoplectus acutus (syn. Nevada also has Tule Springs. P.Fourn. 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Citation: Schoenoplectus lacustris subsp refers to its normally lacustrine habitat mid elevations ( )! Americanus Pers occurs, tule rhizomes are replanted in strategic areas ] Scirpus olneyi Scirpus. The University of South Florida and other herbaria currently lists 37 SYNONYMS of this plant Schoenoplectus..., tule rhizomes are replanted in strategic areas in the boondocks '' [. Often standing in water scirpus lacustris schoenoplectus slender bulrush Subordinate taxa ) Palla, Bot in ) thick can be as. Map or name for subspecies profiles 6 ] Her descendants have since formed the Moore... Scirpus by Hans Roskam click here ) SYNONYMS: Scirpus acutus, Schoenoplectus lacustris subspecies: [ 93,94:. Common ) Locally abundant in perennially wet areas ( 3 ) during World War II imprisoning..., neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils extreme familiarity with the Eastern of...