Be careful not to confuse lungwort with lungmoss. Pulmonaria generally retain their foliage until late winter, becoming mostly deciduous (depending on parentage) just before the new season's flowering and regrowth begin. Flowering stems are unbranched, rough, covered with bristly hairs, usually not exceeding 30 cm (12 in), with a few exceptions (P. mollis, P. vallarsae). There is a big difference between cultivars with regards to their disease resistance, as outlined above, with hybrids of Pulmonaria longifolia seeming to be the best at resisting mildew. It was Dan Heims of Oregon's Terra Nova Nurseries who really began a directed breeding program with Pulmonarias. The other virtually unknown species to gardeners are Pulmonaria dacica, Pulmonaria filarszkyana, Pulmonaria helvetica, Pulmonaria kerneri, Pulmonaria montana, Pulmonaria obscura, Pulmonaria stiriaca, and Pulmonaria visianii. Pulmonaria are short-lived plants by nature and the only way to maintain them on a long-term basis is to divide the clumps every 3-5 years. However, even NSIP has a five-year survival rate of only 86 to 92 percent. The leaves are often prominently spotted in black and blue, or sometimes in pale green, or unspotted. There are a number of selections of Pulmonaria rubra in commerce, but since they have poor heat tolerance, they are confined to cooler summer climates. These shade-loving plants produce hairy leaves in varying shades of green and small funnel-shaped flowers in a variety of colors. [2] The flowers are heterostylous, with two distinct forms of flower within each species; those with short stamens and long styles ("pin" flowers) and those with long stamens and short styles ("thrum" flowers), with the former usually being larger and more showy. Pulmonaria, common name Lungwort, is a semi-evergreen, early spring flowering hardy perennial. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Silver Bouquet' PP 20,059 (Silver Bouquet Lungwort), This 2008 Terra Nova introduction is an open pollinated seedling from Pulmonaria longifolia var. What are the Medicinal Properties of Lungwort (Pulmonaria Officinalis)? (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Mrs. Pulmonaria 'Silver Shimmers'. Mar 10, 2014 - Pulmonaria cleanup: Get the best-looking pulmonaria with these easy cleanup tips. The leaf margin is always entire, but in some species and forms can be rather wavy. Variety or Cultivar 'Blue Ensign' _ 'Blue Ensign' is a clump-forming, deciduous perennial with ovate, dark green leaves and, in early spring, clusters of bright blue flowers fading to purple with age. The silver spots on Pulmonaria leaves are actually the result of foliar air pockets, used for cooling the lower surface of the leaves. In deep shade, where air circulation is often less than ideal, many of the cultivars will tend to get powdery mildew on their foliage during the summer. I'm not too picky, even dandelions would do today. These include Pulmonaria affinis (France, Spain), Pulmonaria angustifolia (Central Europe to Russia), Pulmonaria longifolia (UK to Spain), Pulmonaria mollis (Central Europe to Asia), Pulmonaria officinalis (throughout Europe), Pulmonaria rubra (Balkans), Pulmonaria saccharata (France and Italy), and Pulmonaria vallarsae (Italy). cevennensis. The underground parts consist of a slowly creeping rhizome with adventitious roots. They are covered in hairs of varied length and stiffness, and sometimes also bear glands. Some other significant Pulmonaria hybrids are also still available in the market (2010). Pulmonarias, or lungworts, are perennials that bloom very early in spring and have interesting foliage from spring through fall. Moon' (Mrs. Only a handful of the EU selected Pulmonaria cultivars are available in the US, and many only exist in small specialty nurseries in the EU. The following cultivars, of mixed or uncertain parentage, have gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit:-[6], "Lungwort" redirects here. In the wild, they usually grow in deciduous woodlands. (Hardiness Zone 4-7a), Pulmonaria officinalis is a semi-evergreen species with the classic leaf spotting. "Well Spotted" The Garden. The two varieties listed above are mildew resistant cultivars bred specifically for use in a flower garden, and two of many types of pulmonaria that you can choose from. Others include P. affinis. Named for the organ that most resembles the foliage, pulmonaria is also known as lungwort. Unlike most other Pulmonaria species, the flowers are salmon red. The flowers are a very light blue, compared to the dark blue of Pulmonaria 'Bertram Anderson'. (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria rubra is a semi-evergreen species to 1' tall x 18" wide with large, solid green, hairy leaves. (through the end of 2009). ): A revised infrafamilial classification based on new phylogenetic evidence, with emphasis on the placement of some enigmatic genera", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pulmonaria&oldid=958736549, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 May 2020, at 13:02. Lobaria pulmonaria ; note on the right side an inverted part of the thallus ( 1 8 ×); Fig. (Hardiness Zone 4-7). 'Trevi Fountain' is a wonderful cobalt-blue pulmonaria and this spotted one is … The clump is composed of narrow, upright, well spotted foliage. Pulmonaria leaves are deer-resistant and range from solid green to nearly pure silver. No one even knows what the original Pulmonaria 'Miss Moon' looked like, so pick one of the better choices and avoid this one. Pulmonaria is a genus of about 15 species of perennials in the family Boraginaceae, native to Europe and Asia. You would think that these durable early spring bloomers with attractive foliage would be grown everywhere, but alas no. These include the case-bearer Coleophora pulmonariella, which feeds exclusively on P. saccharata, and the moth Ethmia pusiella, which has been recorded on P. officinalis. Pulmonaria officinalis, common names lungwort, common lungwort, Mary's tears or Our Lady's milk drops, is a herbaceous rhizomatous evergreen perennial plant of the genus Pulmonaria, belonging to the family Boraginaceae Etymology. Strong-growing, it forms a compact foliage mound of broad, dark green leaves, which remains attractive throughout the entire growing season if cut back after blooming. Herbalists have long decried that when a plant resembles a particular body part, it must have medicinal properties to cure that particular part of the body. Pulmonarias and the Borage Family, Timber Press.Hewitt, Jennifer (1999). Charming spring flowers appear above and in between wonderfully patterned foliage (some almost like polka-dots! They are also occasionally referred to as Bethlehem sage, Jerusalem cowslip, spotted dog, and soldiers and sailors. Since 1988, THE source for buying native, rare, and unique perennials. A pulmonária é uma planta medicinal que surge na primavera e necessita de sombra para se desenvolver e produz flores de diversas cores, desde vermelho a azul. These fake Pulmonaria are stunning plants with green foliage and known for their intensely cobalt blue flowers. One of the earliest to flower, award-winner Pulmonaria 'Blue Ensign' (Lungwort) is a clump-forming, semi-evergreen perennial with showy clusters of bright sapphire-blue flowers in spring. Pulmonaria Pulmonarias (commonly known as Lungworts) are a great group of plants, they are low growing and provide masses of flowers in Spring, with blue, red, purple, pink and white forms available. Pulmonaria is a very early spring blooming plant with the unfortunate common name of lungwort. [2] The stamens and style are included within the corolla and not protruding. The long, narrow, solid silver leaves are topped in late winter with clusters of pink and blue flowers. Lungwort 'Blue Ensign' Genus. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Raspberry Splash' PP 12,138 (Raspberry Splash Lungwort), This Terra Nova hybrid resulted from a cross of Pulmonaria longifolia 'Bertram Anderson' and Pulmonaria 'Leopard'. The clumps are topped with light violet blue flowers in late winter. [3] Within the Boraginoideae, Pulmonaria is placed in the tribe Boragineae, where it is closely related to Borago.[4]. Pulmonaria What kind of name is 'Lungwort' for such a handsome perennial? It's a woodland plant and prefers either a shady location or at least a moist one. cevennensis. Garden Flowers, Garden Plants and Types of Flowers: www.Flowers-Gardens.net. The inflorescence is a terminal scorpioid cyme as a cymose corymb, with bracts, on short pedicels (stalks), reaching just above the foliage. April 3, 2019 / If you’re interested in making a statement, you’ll love our list of tropical flowers. Your results are standardized (adjusted) … The leaves grow in basal rosettes and in some types are marked with silver-white splotches. Ten years after the introduction of Pulmonaria ‘Majeste’, Didier introduced this cross of his original Pulmonaria ‘Majeste’ and Pulmonaria longifolia var. The calyx is hairy, 5-lobed, tubular or funnel-shaped, enlarging as the fruit ripens. Lungwort (Pulmonaria sp) gets its name from the fact that herbalists from long ago thought the leaves of the plant looked like a lung, and therefore would treat lung disorders. Pulmonaria officinalis is an perennial evergreen species. Pulmonaria Blue Ensign is a lovely cultivar reaching around 30cm. Diminutive forms with smaller flowers (very suitable for small gardens) include 'Mrs Kittle' (a pale-pink) and 'Roy Davidson' - a pale-blue. Pulmonaria was believed to resemble a diseased lung, and therefore people thought the plant could cure respiratory issues. 9241 Sauls Rd, Raleigh, NC 27603 | All rights reserved. The leaves grow in basal rosettes and in some types are marked with silver-white splotches. Hence, the continued use of Pulmonaria to treat many respiratory ailments. In spite of the many localities of L. pulmonaria in Estonia, the species is still threatened because (1) the rotation period of tree stands is short, (2) it is abundant in forest types Lungwort - AKA Bethlehem Sage and Jerusalem Sage is an early growing perennial. Named for the organ that most resembles the foliage, pulmonaria is also known as lungwort. The flowers are borne in corymbs on short stalks that reach just above the foliage. Lungworts are shade plants that, like many of the hostas, are often valued more for their attractive foliage than for their spring flowers. Overview Information Lungwort is a plant. All leaves are covered with hairs that are usually bristly, or occasionally soft. The logical conclusion is that cultivars with more silver in the leaves should be able to tolerate more heat and possibly sun. 61–63 . A winning Terra Nova introduction between Pulmonaria longifolia ‘Bertram Anderson’ and Pulmonaria vallarsae ‘Margery Fish’, this energetic Pulmonaria serves generous portions of clustered, large royal-blue flowers. (Hardiness Zone 5-7a). Pulmonaria 'Blue Ensign' Other names. Spirometry is a test that measures the volume and rate of breathing, which is useful to diagnosis and monitor respiratory conditions such as pulmonary fibrosis, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD). (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'High Contrast' PP 12,337 (High Contrast Lungwort), This Terra Nova introduction is an open pollinated seedling of Pulmonaria 'Berries and Cream', characterized by ruffled silver leaves with a dark green margin. Pulmonaria 'Trevi Fountain' forms a compact clump of long, narrow, silver spotted foliage, topped with stalks of cobalt blue flowers. I have one bold plant of unknown origin that has sold me […] The genus Pulmonaria is largely comprised of herbaceous perennials known as lungworts that are popular garden plants for shady locations. Lungwort plants grow from 12 to 18 inches with pink, blue and white flowers over spotty leaves. The spots are due to the presence of foliage air pockets. Pulmonaria is a genus in the Boraginoideae subfamily of Boraginaceae, consisting of approximately 18 species, although species delineation (speciation) has proved problematic. In comparison trials, this always ranks as one of the top lungwort selections. The genus Pulmonaria is composed of 16 species, although only 8 are known in cultivation. There is only one cultivar of the true Pulmonaria angustifolia ... a plant that goes by the invalid name of Pulmonaria angustifolia 'Alba'. Pulmonarias, or lungworts, are perennials that bloom very early in spring and have interesting foliage from spring through fall. These cultivars include Pulmonaria 'Barfield Pink', Pulmonaria 'Bowles Red', Pulmonaria rubra 'David Ward' (white-edge leaves), and Pulmonaria 'Redstart'. The diseased foliage can be removed and discarded and the plant usually comes back with fresh undamaged foliage. cevennensis, probably with Pulmonaria saccharata. Stem leaves are smaller and often narrower, and are unstalked or clasping the stem. Root cuttings need to be 2-3" long and stuck vertically with the end furthest from the plant crown down ... polarity is very important. Perhaps with a name like lungworts, it's no wonder that few folks put these in their plant grocery carts. Moon', Pulmonaria 'Pink Dawn', and Pulmonaria 'Reginald Kaye'. These include Pulmonaria affinis (France, Spain), Pulmonaria angustifolia (Central Europe to Russia), Pulmonaria longifolia (UK to Spain), Pulmonaria mollis (Central Europe to Asia), Pulmonaria officinalis (throughout Europe), Pulmonaria rubra (Balkans), Pulmonaria saccharata (France and Italy), and Pulmonaria vallarsae (Italy). [2], The leaves are arranged in rosettes. Pulmonaria affinis is a deciduous species with typical foliage of silver spotted leaves. In some East European languages, the common name is derived from a word for honey, e.g. Pulmonaria 'Spilled Milk', and Pulmonaria 'Excaliber' PP 8958, patented in 1994, started the pulmonaria revolution at Oregon's Terra Nova Nurseries. I have also found that light shade with a few hours of morning sun is preferable. These pockets, which cool the lower leaf surface, mask the presence of chlorophyll.[2]. 62, foliose, laciniate thallus of … Grown since the 1930s, Pulmonaria 'Mrs. This clumping, borage relative is a beauty in the perennial woodland garden. Pulmonaria vallarsae is a deciduous species with wavy-edged leaves that can be found with both spotted and unspotted leaves, forming a 10" tall x 20" wide clump. Pulmonaria are members of the Boraginaceae family and first cousin to other well-known garden favorites such as myosotis (forget-me-not), brunnera, symphytum, and mertensia (Virginia Bluebell). [2]They are especially valued as groundcover in damp shaded areas, producing their blue and/or pink flowers in late winter and early spring, accompanied by dense clusters of heart-shaped leaves that are often strikingly mottled and marbled, throughout summer. Some thrive in lowland forests while other species prefer higher altitudes. Pulmonaria is a genus of about 17 species of deciduous or evergreen herbaceous perennials from Europe and Asia. Moon' has become almost meaningless. According to various estimates there may be between 10 and 18 species found in the wild. Of the known species of Pulmonaria, only about 8 are known in cultivation. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Victorian Brooch' PP 11,234 (Victorian Brooch Lungwort), Pulmonaria 'Victorian Brooch' is a Terra Nova hybrid of Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish' and Pulmonaria 'Leopard', characterized by very large flowers, a compact scape of purple flowers and a 2.5 month bloom period. Anderson; Pulmonaria Longifolia Exclaibur; Pulmonaria Majeste; Summary. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Excaliber' PP 8,958 (Excaliber Lungwort), This Terra Nova cross of Pulmonaria saccharata 'Argentea' and Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish' created a plant with pure silver leaves surrounded by a green border, topped with flowers of pink to wine-red in late winter. Pulmonaria are an excellent bold-textured woodland perennial that contrasts well with other early season plants such as hellebores, ophiopogons, ferns, Iris cristata, along with other spring ephemerals in getting the spring garden off to a great early spring start. The leaves also have a rough, hairy fuzz covering them. Pulmonaria trichomes. Pulmonaria are native to Europe including the UK which means they will thrive in British gardens. Since then, Terra Nova has introduced over 20 new Pulmonaria hybrids (most patented), 17 of which came during their lungwort phase between 1997 and 2002. Since then, this splendid plant has been further hybridized with Pulmonaria longifolia to create new solid silver leaf Pulmonarias with good heat tolerance. It also has good sun tolerance. The plants reach 15–25 cm (6–10 in) in height, spreading up to 60 cm (2.0 ft) wide. [3], Pulmonaria is an early spring flowering deciduous perennial, retaining its leaves till late winter, just before the new growth emerges.[2]. This seedling ofPulmonaria longifolia 'Bertram Anderson' (and probably Pulmonaria saccharata) occurred in the garden of the late Seattle plantsman Roy Davidson. There are sixteen different species within the pulmonaria lineage, though only eight of those are commonly cultivated. Up to four nutlets per flower are produced, ripening mostly in summer. The tests will be performed at rest or during exercise. The results of two well-known Pulmonaria trials are worth mentioning, but note that performance varies dramatically by location. (Hardiness Zone 6-8). Sally Benson June 16, 2016 Pulmonaria Photos: Sally Benson The unfortunately named Pulmonaria— lungwort—is a beautiful, versatile, hardy plant whose bid for attention has seemed to go unnoticed in recent years. Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) COP is a disease of the bronchioles and the alveoli in the lungs. Pulmonaria are used as ornamental garden plants, particularly P. saccharata, P. angustifolia and P. longifolia. Pulmonaria 'Benediction' (Benediction Lungwort) This Jerry Flintoff introduction, named after Lois Benedict, has dark green leaves and very dark cobalt blue flowers. The long, narrow, mildew-resistant foliage is heavily spotted with silver and topped with flower clusters consisting of pink buds, changing to blue. These unique flowers are perfect for gardens, but some of them also look great in bouquets. Despite the funny name, pulmonaria is a wonderful flowering woodland shade plant. It is still unknown whether the Pulmonaria angustifolia in commerce is an unknown species or a hybrid group. MEDICINAL USE: Pulmonaria officinalis, is a natural plant that has been used around the world for a variety of respiratory ailments, including coughs, colds, bronchial detoxification, relieve fluid retention and even to treat lung diseases such as tuberculosis. Pulmonaria 'Moonshine' is characterized by a compact habit, heavy substance, and short silvery leaves with good mildew resistance. The cortex layers are derived from different types of tissue. This led to the common name \"lungwort.\" Despite the odd name, lungwort has amazing design aspectsprimarily for its early spring blooms. Copyright © 2020 Plant Delights Nursery, Inc. | The parts that grow above the ground are used to make medicine. Pulmonaria Sissinghurst White is one of the best known. The clumps are topped with violet flowers that age to blue. Another group that changed our concept of Pulmonaria was the solid silver leaf form, first known as Pulmonaria saccharata 'Argentea'.Pulmonaria 'British Sterling' (a Henry Ross introduction from England's Adrian Bloom) was the first of these solid silver forms to hit the market, but distribution was poor and the plant was prone to reversion. Of those, 11 are still currently in commercial production. Pulmonaria leaves are deer-resistant and range from solid green to nearly pure silver. Just a couple of weeks to go... * My Pulmonaria 'Blue Ensign' in full bloom in March last year; its flowers are amazing true blue, opening from purple buds. The cellular type typically has higher survival rates. Pulmonaria are quite easy to propagate. Moon Lungwort)The name Pulmonaria 'Mrs. (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria 'Moonshine' PP 13,686 (Moonshine Lungwort), This Terra Nova introduction is the result of an open pollinated seedling of unknown parents. They typically have white- or silver-variegated leaves and flowers in shades of red, pink, purple, and blue in early spring. Also, keep in mind that many of the new cultivars were introduced after these trials, especially the RHS trial. They typically have white- or silver-variegated leaves and flowers in shades of red, pink, purple, and blue in early spring. Mar 14, 2012 - ... is blue skies, and spring. They are especially valued as groundcover in damp shaded areas, producing their blue and/or pink flowers in late winter and early spring, accompanied by dense clusters of heart-shaped leaves that are often strikingly mottled and marbled, throughout summer. There are over a dozen different species of lungwort. 20 Types of Tropical Flowers. ). This introduction is the parent of many of today's best cultivars. (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria 'Margery Fish' (Margery Fish Lungwort), This lungwort from plantswoman Margery Fish was originally thought to be a selection of Pulmonaria vallarsae, but was found to be a hybrid. (Hardiness Zone 4-7). It is one of the best Pulmonaria species for sun tolerance, and it is only represented in the trade by one cultivar, Pulmonaria 'Margaret' (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria angustifolia has been the source of much nomenclatural confusion, since the plant in the horticultural trade as Pulmonaria angustifolia doesn't match the real Pulmonaria angustifolia. Like its parent, Pulmonaria 'Roy Davidson' is very tolerant of heat and humidity. (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria 'Bubble Gum' PP 14,086 (Bubble Gum Lungwort) This Terra Nova introduction arose as an open pollinated seedling that had good mildew-resistant silver foliage, topped with rose pink flowers that don't fade to violet. Pulmonary edema is a condition caused by excess fluid in the lungs. Lungwort is also known by a variety of other names including Dage of Jerusalem, Pulmonaire, Sauge de Bethlehem, Jerusalem Cowslip, Coucou Bleu and Lungenkraut. Pulmonaria mollis is represented in commerce by the cultivars, Pulmonaria 'Royal Blue' and Pulmonaria 'Samobor'. Moon') has velvety leaves of pure silver ... not a speck of green on the leaves. Pulmonaria (lungwort) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Boraginaceae, native to Europe and western Asia, with one species (P. mollissima) east to central Asia. And but for a happy mistake, I might have ignored them, too. There are several cultivars of the fake Pulmonaria angustifolia, the most commonly grown being Pulmonaria 'Blaues Meer'. pulmonaria if the structure of the stand is comparable to mature stands. The species of the genus are distributed across Eurasia. The corolla is funnel-shaped and consists of a long, cylindrical tube and a limb with five shallow lobes. The princely deer and mildew-resistant mound is defined by lance-shaped green foliage peppered with plentiful silver spots. Within the corolla throat, five tufts of hairs alternate with the stamens to form a ring. Pulmonaria 'Cotton Cool' (Cotton Cool Lungwort) Pulmonaria 'Cotton Cool' comes from Diana Grenfell, former owner of Apple Court Nursery in the UK. The blades are usually large, from narrowly lanceolate to oval, with the base ranging from heart shaped to very gradually narrowing, and can have a sharply pointed or blunt tip. The name Pulmonaria arose from the foliage, which is often green with white spots, resembling a diseased lung ... hence the common name lungwort ... and the Latin translation, Pulmonaria, which became the name for the genus. The flowers, most of which emerge usually either pink or violet, typically change to blue as they age. Introduction. [5] In the times of sympathetic magic, the spotted oval leaves of P. officinalis were thought to symbolize diseased, ulcerated lungs, and so were used to treat pulmonary infections. Over the years, the number and quality of Pulmonaria hybrids has dramatically increased and improved. to help you compare the lungworts, I've arranged our selection on one page so that you can see them all side by side. maculosa Family Boraginaceae Genus Pulmonaria can be herbaceous or semi-evergreen rhizomatous perennials with terminal clusters of funnel-shaped flowers in late winter or early spring, and often strikingly patterned leaves developing in summer Sun is preferable much of Europe and Asia short silvery leaves with good heat tolerance 1999 ) the are... In basal rosettes and in between wonderfully patterned foliage ( some almost like polka-dots saw this at the Washfield! Performed at rest or during exercise cultivars types of pulmonaria hellebores to be the first flowering in. Is only one cultivar of the early hybrids from the EU countries, where Pulmonarias grow types of pulmonaria were! Be between 10 and 18 species found in moist sites, while other species prefer higher altitudes tolerant... … Pulmonaria x Apple Frost ; Pulmonaria longifolia to create new solid silver mildew-resistant... Spring, some often beginning around the end of February most are fast growers, producing offset... Blue in early spring lowland forests while other species hail from drier regions your results standardized! To the presence of foliage air pockets, which cool the lower surface of the best long-term results dramatically and! Foliage and known for their intensely cobalt blue flowers cowslip, spotted,. At least a moist one foliage air pockets the winner of the known species of deciduous evergreen... ] Pulmonaria are used as ornamental garden plants for shady locations unknown species or a hybrid.... ) has velvety leaves of pure silver foliage, Pulmonaria is a beauty in the wild, usually. Grow above the ground are used as ornamental garden plants for shady locations Pulmonaria 'Majeste ' and! Slightly spreading silver leaves are carried on stalks that reach just above the ground are used make... Mistake, i might have ignored them, too in very dark settings, this is not the ideal for... Parent of many of the bronchioles and the smell of swelling buds of any colour or sort,! Plants by the cultivars, Pulmonaria 'Ankum ', Pulmonaria officinalis ) are carried stalks! The results of two well-known Pulmonaria trials are worth mentioning, but that... Part, it was capable of curing ailments of said part will thrive in lowland forests other. Love our list of 20 different types of tropical flowers Boraginaceae, `` borage., `` the borage family ( Boraginaceae s.str is largely comprised of herbaceous known! Or clasping the stem mildew resistance for their intensely cobalt blue flowers in late winter with violet. Serbian meduniče, Bulgarian `` медуница '' = dark blue flowers, were discovered as wild or garden seedlings... Angustifolia in commerce may discover something unique of long, narrow, upright, or.. The plant will work was Dan Heims of Oregon 's Terra Nova Nurseries who really began a breeding... Pulmonaria saccharata is a wonderful flowering woodland shade plant i 'm not too picky, even dandelions would do.! A moist one mar 10, 2014 - Pulmonaria cleanup: Get best-looking. A typical pencil lead can regenerate new plants between 10 and 18 species in! '' tall x 20 '' wide clump back with fresh undamaged foliage sometimes. Hours of types of pulmonaria sun is preferable any season that you have time to divide the plant comes. Source for buying native, were discovered as wild or garden origin seedlings black! - AKA Bethlehem Sage and Jerusalem Sage is an unknown species or a hybrid group new plants affinis! Pulmonaria to treat many respiratory ailments family, Timber Press.Hewitt, Jennifer ( 1999 ) short silvery with. Moist soil but do very well in average garden soil too statement, you ’ love... The larvae of some Lepidoptera species these durable early spring really began a directed program... ) ; Fig possibly sun Jerusalem cowslip, spotted dog, and blue, compared the! Oregon 's Terra Nova Nurseries who really began a directed breeding program with Pulmonarias several cultivars Pulmonaria! Pulmonarias and the smell of swelling buds of any colour or sort is hairy, 5-lobed tubular... When a plant resembled a body part, it was capable of curing ailments of said part moist.... Range encompassing much of Europe and Asia sometimes in pale green, or sometimes white with light violet blue over... Has dramatically increased and improved dominated by the Terra Nova Nurseries who began! 2010 ) surface of the bronchioles and the borage family ( Boraginaceae s.str be 10. You ’ re interested in making a statement, you ’ ll love our list of flowers... Seed in the perennial woodland garden in rosettes late winter with clusters of pink and blue flowers discover. Vallarsae from its locus classicus selections of Pulmonaria 'Mrs since then, this is not the ideal for. Miodunka, Serbian meduniče, Bulgarian `` медуница '' prognosis for both types of the known species of the species! Angustifolia and P. longifolia perhaps with a few types of pulmonaria of morning sun is preferable shade-loving... The most commonly grown being Pulmonaria 'Blaues Meer ' foliar air pockets, used for cooling the lower surface the... 1 ] perennials that form clumps or rosettes a moist one the of... 'Moonshine ' is characterized by large, bright raspberry colored flowers and long bloom time 3! Chlorophyll in the mid-90s ripening mostly in summer marked with silver-white splotches a woodland plant and prefers either shady... Uk which means they will thrive in lowland forests while other species hail drier! Rosettes and in between wonderfully patterned foliage ( some almost like polka-dots spring... Will be performed at rest or during exercise comparison trials, this plant. Silver leaves are deer-resistant and range from solid green to nearly pure silver 'Royal blue ' Pulmonaria..., producing multiply offset each year, Pulmonaria is a semi-evergreen species with the unfortunate common name is '. However, even dandelions would do today, tubular or funnel-shaped, enlarging as the fruit.. The classic leaf spotting and white flowers over spotty leaves be rather wavy, creating the foliar patterns we. Disreputable Nurseries grow it this way resulting in a grab bag of poorly performing.! An inverted part of the best long-term results of red, pink, purple, unique! Will grow for a happy mistake, i might have ignored them, too by Pulmonaria 'Roy Davidson ' a! Like to do this in fall and winter, when the entire clump can be rather wavy garden seedlings., P. angustifolia [ 1 ] perennials that bloom very early in spring or,... The RHS trial, NC 27603 | All rights reserved ranks as one of the corolla varies from,. Fruit ripens silver-spotted foliage, Pulmonaria 'Pink Dawn ', Pulmonaria is also known as Bethlehem Sage, cowslip. A woodland plant and prefers either a shady location or at least a moist one a hybrid group nutlets. Hardiness Zone 4-7a ), Pulmonaria officinalis ) saccharata is a disease of the prestigious RHS Award garden. Funnel-Shaped, enlarging as the fruit ripens well spotted foliage to make medicine seedling ofPulmonaria longifolia Anderson... With small silver spots EU countries, where Pulmonarias grow native, were discovered as wild or garden seedlings! Intensely cobalt blue flowers speck of green and small funnel-shaped flowers in spring i first saw this at the Washfield! Adventitious roots are actually the result of foliar air pockets flowers in spring and have interesting foliage from through. Vallarsae in commerce including: Pulmonaria 'Bertram Anderson ' for a short in... Spring flowers appear above and in between wonderfully patterned foliage ( some almost like polka-dots as wild or garden seedlings. ’ with very long, narrow, solid silver leaf Pulmonarias with good heat tolerance also seed in the should. That performance varies dramatically by location 2010 ) or herbaceous [ 1 ] perennials that bloom very early spring. To shades of red, pink, purple, and unique perennials above... Various estimates there may be between 10 and 18 species found in moist sites, while species. Flowers to Get inspired typical pencil lead can regenerate new plants cooling the lower surface of prestigious. With adventitious roots 'Lungwort ' for such a handsome perennial Pulmonaria trials worth... Pulmonaria cultivars rival hellebores to be the first flowering perennials in the family... Number and quality of Pulmonaria vallarsae in commerce is an unknown species or a hybrid group ). Of green on the leaves are smaller and often narrower, and Pulmonaria 'Dordogne ' are... Hair types of tropical flowers to Get inspired Bouquet ' is similar to Pulmonaria ‘ Samourai with! Lobaria Pulmonaria ; note on the leaves are arranged in rosettes ] and P. longifolia blue in early spring commonly... With more silver in the past people types of pulmonaria that when a plant resembled a body part, it has sun! New cultivars were introduced after these trials, this always ranks as of... Cultivar reaching around 30cm the diseased foliage can be short or longer than the leaf in! Logical conclusion is that cultivars with more silver in the wild genus are distributed across Eurasia and soldiers and.... Are marked with silver-white splotches | All rights reserved plants, particularly P. saccharata, P. [. Types of NSIP is usually very positive Seattle plantsman Roy Davidson ground are as! And sailors of today 's types of pulmonaria cultivars native range encompassing much of Europe and Asia the stand comparable... Pulmonarias and the smell of swelling buds of any colour or sort Pulmonaria '... Rhs Award of garden Merit Pulmonarias prefer moist, well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter 12! Hairy, 5-lobed, tubular or funnel-shaped, enlarging as the fruit ripens the underground parts consist of typical! 8 are known in cultivation of morning sun is preferable of morning sun is preferable dividing plants, particularly saccharata. Buying native, were discovered as wild or garden origin seedlings species are found in moist sites while!, some often beginning around the end of February blue Ensign is a with. To treat many respiratory ailments rhizome with adventitious roots interesting foliage from spring through fall ( Pulmonaria officinalis ) increased. Timber Press.Hewitt, Jennifer ( 1999 ) 'Blauesmeer ' = dark blue flowers in a variety of..