Community organization has been defined as the process of bringing about and maintaining a progressively more effective adjustment between social welfare resources and social welfare needs within a geographic area or functional field.-Neil 6. A typical constitution addresses all aspects of the organization, purpose, functions, persons in charge and members. It should not contain names or other specific details that will change as the organisation develops. Co-operatives (co-ops) are not NPOs and do not fall under the NPO Act. constitution and other rules and regulations made herein under. In law it is called the "founding document" and it is legally binding on the executive and members of the organisation. Additionally, they will have the same focus or purpose as your company. The three most basic types of non-profit organisations are: The LRC guide on Legal structures commonly used by non-profit organisations will help you to understand. The constitution or founding documents will usually have detailed and clear sections on: Constitutions should be written so that they will not need to be changed throughout the life of an organisation. A constitution is a document that provides the rules on how an organization of people (e.g., a small club, a university group, or even a group as large as a country or state) runs its affairs. Private Bag X901 where several groups come together to form an umbrella organization). While every proposal is written in response to a call by prospective donor with their own guidelines, it is important to have something that you can refer to. Vonani wa ka Bila Fax: 018 381 6258, Mpumalanga The Application form MUST be accompanied by a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) where CBO is formed through amalgamation (i.e. Most organisations that exist to make a profit must register as a private company or as a co-operative under other laws. Tel: 08000 37 007 (free help line of the Department of Trade and Industry, Ntsika Fax: 012 429 2316, KwaZulu Natal Organisations that exist to help communities develop income-generating projects would, however, usually be NPOs. Sample constitution for small voluntary organisations www.communityimpactbucks.org.uk Community Impact Bucks is a registered.Constitution of the Namibian Association of Community-based Natural. and shall be entitled to attend and vote. There are, however, different types of NPOs. Organisations that can afford to pay for legal assistance from income or donations can contact LRC to find out which legal practitioners in their area are familiar with the legal environment of non-profit organisations. When members have developed the constitution, they can use it to register as a non-profit organisation. Applications to register under the NPO Act must be sent to the Directorate of NPOs at the Department of Social Development: Directorate of NPOs  SAMPLE CONSTITUTION The constitution of an organization contains the rules that govern the actions and activities of the group. Constitutions are not like plans. The guide is called The NGO Starter Pack. The structures of NGOs vary considerably. Sample constitution. The role of community based organizations in rural development (A case study of selected CBOs in District Swat). Organisation and Community Based Organisation 3 Civil Society Organisation Act (3) A Civil Society Organisation is non-political, performing its functions in a neutral and impartial manner. |   Inputs and verbal reports   Sarah Hugow Pretoria Training for attorneys and candidate attorneys in non-profit institutional and legal issues to ensure informed assistance is available to NGOs. They should not change regularly. This guide will not be relevant to co-ops. PDF version of Sample Constitution > ARTICLE I. Tel 027 712 3011 Section 2: Each member association shall have to fill a membership application form provided by the network and shall be represented by an individual at general assemblies of the network. Tel: (012) 312 7676, Department of Social Development members |  Guide to Constitutions When there is tension or conflict in the organisation, the constitution guides members about how it should be dealt with in relation to key matters like accountability and finances. The Legal Resources Centre defines a co-op as "a group of people, who are the members, who together own and control an enterprise for the profit and benefit of themselves. Lungi Mathole When an organisation is going to close, for whatever reason, the constitution indicates how this should be done and what should happen to the resources of the organisation. |   Conflict management 3. Fax: 021 706 0765, Eastern Cape If members receive payment or benefits, it is only in the form of a reasonable salary and benefits in return for the work that is done as an employee of the organisation. Any changes should be publicised to members and the public [if relevant] and if you have registered your organisation, you will have to inform the bodies with whom you registered. It has always been difficult to start from a scratch writing proposals for funding. The objectives you include should be relevant to the long-term goal and purpose of the organisation. It should contain all the key agreements made by members on how the organisation will work. permission from ETU, Important things to know about Constitutions. your constituency   |   Recruiting Advice to NPOs on the type of organisation they should establish to achieve their aims and objectives. If your organisation is formed as a co-operative or income-generating project, you should contact the Legal Resources Centre (details provided below) for advice on where you can go for help. It is written for organisations that aim to make a contribution to society and organisations that are not set up to make a profit (non-profit organisations). This could, technically, cover private companies but, in practice, when we refer to NGOs in South Africa, we mean only those non-governmental organisations that are non-profit as well. Jessica Fortuin Hlengiwe Gasa Tel: 043 743 7725 Upon approval the provisions set out in Schedule B shall bind the Association. They should not, for example, include specific objectives that are only relevant for a short part of the organisation's life span. They should only record basic and long-term facts about the organisation that you will not need to change often. Any profit that is produced is used by the organisation to make a greater impact in terms of their public purpose. Lobbying, together with the South African NGO Coalition (SANGOCO) and other organisations, for a more favourable tax situation for NGOs. Others do not have to register their constitutions, although they may, if they wish to do so. Feel free to diverge from it as it suits the needs of your organization. Model Constitution for a Voluntary Association ... Service for approval as a Public Benefit Organisation in terms of section 30 of the Income Tax Act. Non-governmental organisations (NGOs) are organisations that are not part of government. Legal structures commonly used by non-profit organisations will be very relevant to those who wish to register their organisation as a non-profit organisation - that is either a Voluntary Association, a Trust or a Section 21 Company. This is a wide group of organisations, from large charitable NGOs like Child Welfare to small community organisations like sports clubs or civics. There are three other guides in our Community Organisers Toolbox that will give you more details on the legal requirements for non-profit organisations. document the term NGO is primarily used for organizations other than charitable organizations. With the improvement in communications, more locally-based groups, referred to as grass-roots organizations or community based organizations, have become active at the national or even the global level. 8. The majority of the information provided in the guidelines on Constitutions above comes from the Legal Resources Centre (LRC). Step 3 - Draft a Constitution that sets out your objectives and the rules to govern your community based organisation Step 4 - Send the draft Constitution to the Registrar of Companies to check Step 5 - Complete a registration form Step 6 - Hold a meeting to discuss the draft Constitution, make ˜nal changes and for trustees to sign A community based organization (CBO) is a registered non-governmental, non-profit and non-political organization. 5. (b) All members shall be given at least fourteen days’ notice of the A.G.M. It is extremely helpful to review other nonprofits in your area for suggestions on how to compose your own constitution. The following are some organisations that may be able to help these kinds of organisations with assistance and advice: Centre for Small Business Promotion Contact the Legal Resources Centre Office nearest to you for advice if you need it. POWERS OF ASSOCIATION Article I: Name State the name Article II: Purpose What are the aims of the organization How will the organization function For whom does the organize exist Whom does it benefit Article III: Membership NAME AND PURPOSE. Because co-ops are formed to produce profits for the members, they do not fall under the NPO Act. the constitution and rules and regulations of the network. 6. constitution says what your organisation does, how it will be structured, and how it will run. The constitution of a nonprofit organization specifies how the organization operates. Section B. Assistance to NPOs to register with other public offices, such as the Receiver of Revenue for tax or VAT purposes. Tel: 012 429 6040 Anything Community Group Constitution 1) NAME The name of the group shall be the Anything Community Group, hereafter referred to as the Group. SANGOCO has produced an introductory guide on how to set up a non-profit organisation. The official name for this organization is the _____. Toolbox >> Building Tel: 031 307 1061 your constitution will depend on what type of legal structure your organisation has and what law it falls under. Within community-based organizations (CBOs), there are many variations in terms of size and organizational structure. When you start an organisation, the process of developing a constitution helps members to develop clear agreements about the purpose of the organisation and how it will work. Fax: 056 215 2316, Gauteng It also helps ensure solutions are appropriate to the purpose of the organisation. Most NPOs have to rely on grants and donations from fundraising because NPOs usually serve sections of the community that could not afford to pay the full cost of the service. 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